Historic anniversaries in November 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 157 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

250 years ago (20 Nov 1761)
Birth of Pope Pius VIII

250 years ago (30 Nov 1761)
Death of John Dollond, British optician and maker of optical and astronomical instruments

200 years ago (7 Nov 1811)
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought at what is now Battle Ground, Indiana, USA. A U.S. expeditionary force defeated the Shawnee Indians as part of a long-running campaign to destroy an inter-tribal alliance

200 years ago (16 Nov 1811)
Birth of John Bright, British politician and political reformer, co-founder of the Anti-Corn Law League, and a campaigner for free trade

200 years ago (27 Nov 1811)
Death of Andrew Meikle, Scottish millwright, inventor of the threshing machine

150 years ago (2 Nov 1861)
Birth of Maurice Blondel, French philosopher

150 years ago (4 Nov 1861)
The University of Washington was founded in Seattle, Washington, USA

150 years ago (6 Nov 1861)
Birth of James Naismith, Canadian-born American sports instructor, inventor of basketball

150 years ago (19 Nov 1861)
American writer and social activist Julia Ward Howe wrote her famous poem ‘Battle Hymn of the Republic’, which became a Union army anthem

100 years ago (1 Nov 1911)
The first issue of Woman’s Weekly was published in the UK

100 years ago (3 or 8 Nov 1911)
The Chevrolet Motor Car Company was founded in Detroit, Michigan, USA

100 years ago (5 Nov 1911)
Calbraith Perry Rodgers became the first person to fly across the USA, from New York City to Pasadena, California in 49 days

100 years ago (5 Nov 1911)
Birth of Roy Rogers, American cowboy actor and singer

100 years ago (9 Nov 1911)
Death of Howard Pyle, American illustrator and writer, best known for his children’s books

100 years ago (17 Nov 1911)
The first African-American college fraternity, Omega Psi Phi, was founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C., USA

90 years ago (11 Nov 1921)
The Royal British Legion held its first Poppy Day in Britain

75 years ago (2 Nov 1936)
The BBC Television Service was launched

75 years ago (12 Nov 1936)
The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (‘Bay Bridge’) opened to traffic

75 years ago (20 Nov 1936)
Death of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician, founder of the Spanish fascist party, the Falange. (Executed)

75 years ago (23 Nov 1936)
The first issue of Life magazine was published in the USA

75 years ago (25 Nov 1936)
Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact, an agreement to collaborate against the threat of Soviet Communism

75 years ago (30 Nov 1936)
The Crystal Palace in London was destroyed by a fire

65 years ago (22 Nov 1946)
The first Biro ballpoint pens went on sale in the UK

60 years ago (2 Nov 1951)
Suez Crisis: 6,000 British troops arrived in Fayid, Egypt to quell unrest in the Canal Zone. This was the biggest airlift of troops since WWII

60 years ago (10 Nov 1951)
The Direct Distance Dialling telephone service was launched in the USA, and area codes were introduced. For the first time, people could call each other right across the country without having to go through an operator

50 years ago (2 Nov 1961)
Death of James Thurber, American writer, cartoonist and humorist

50 years ago (16 Nov 1961)
Death of Sam Rayburn, American political leader, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1940-47, 1949-53, 1955-61)

50 years ago (29 Nov 1961)
Project Mercury: Mercury-Atlas 5 mission. The NASA spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and returned safely, with Enos the chimp on board

40 years ago (12 Nov 1971)
Arches National Park was established in Utah, USA

40 years ago (13 Nov 1971)
The American space probe Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet (Mars). It sent back the first clear close-up images of the planet and went on to photograph the entire surface

40 years ago (15 Nov 1971)
Intel released the 4004 microprocessor – the first single-chip microprocessor be sold commercially

30 years ago (1 Nov 1981)
Antigua and Barbuda achieved independence from the UK

30 years ago (12 Nov 1981)
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia was launched on its 2nd flight into space, becoming the first reusable manned spacecraft

30 years ago (12 Nov 1981?)
Death of William Holden, American film actor (‘Sunset Boulevard’, ‘Stalag 17’, ‘The Bridge on the River Kwai’, ‘Towering Inferno’). (Found dead on 16th, but forensic evidence indicates he most likely died on 12th)

30 years ago (29 Nov 1981)
Death of Natalie Wood, American film actress (‘Rebel Without a Cause’, ‘West Side Story’, ‘Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice’, and more)

25 years ago (3 Nov 1986)
Details of the Iran-Contra scandal were made public for the first time. The Lebanese magazine ‘Ash-Shiraa’ reported that the USA had secretly sold arms to Iran in the hope of securing the release of 7 American hostages

25 years ago (16 Nov 1986)
Death of Siobhan McKenna, Irish stage and film actress

25 years ago (25 Nov 1986)
The King Fahd Causeway opened, linking Saudi Arabia and Bahrain across the Persian Gulf

25 years ago (25 Nov 1986)
Birth of Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim whose death in 1996 led to the creation of the ‘AMBER Alert’ child abduction system

25 years ago (29 Nov 1986)
Death of Cary Grant, British-born American film actor (‘Bringing Up Baby’, ‘Gunga Din’, ‘His Girl Friday’, ‘The Philadelphia Story’, ‘To Catch A Thief’, ‘North by Northwest’, and more)

20 years ago (4 Nov 1991)
Imelda Marcos returned to the Philippines after living in exile in Hawaii for 5 years. She faced charges of corruption and tax evasion

20 years ago (5 Nov 1991)
Death of Robert Maxwell, Czech-born British newspaper publisher, media proprietor, and politician

20 years ago (7 Nov 1991)
American basketball star Magic Johnson announced that he was HIV positive and was retiring. (He later returned to coach and play)

20 years ago (14 Nov 1991)
Britain and the USA accused 2 Libyan intelligence agents of carrying out the bombing of the Pan Am jet that crashed in Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988, and demanded that Libya hand them over to face trial

20 years ago (14 Nov 1991)
Death of Tony Richardson, award-winning British stage and film director (‘A Taste of Honey’, ‘The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner’, ‘Tom Jones’, ‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’, ‘Ned Kelly’, and others)

20 years ago (18 Nov 1991)
Church of England envoy Terry Waite and American educator Thomas Sutherland were released by Islamic Jihad in Lebanon after being held hostage since January 1987 and June 1985 respectively

20 years ago (24 Nov 1991)
Death of Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born British rock singer and songwriter (Queen)

20 years ago (25-26 Nov 1991)
The ‘Tottenham Three’ had their convictions quashed. They had been jailed for life in 1987 for killing police officer Keith Blakelock during riots in north London

15 years ago (18 Nov 1996)
Channel Tunnel fire. A truck caught fire while on board a Heavy Goods Vehicle shuttle travelling through the tunnel. Considerable damage was caused and the tunnel was closed for 6 months for repairs

10 years ago (4 Nov 2001)
Hurricane Michelle caused $2 billion worth of damage across Central America, particularly Cuba. 17 people were killed, 26 reported missing, and thousands of homes destroyed

10 years ago (4 Nov 2001)
The Police Service of Northern Ireland was founded, replacing the Royal Ulster Constabulary

10 years ago (5 Nov 2001)
Death of Roy Boulting, British film-maker, worked in partnership with his twin brother, John (‘Private’s Progress’, ‘Lucky Jim’, ‘I’m All Right, Jack’, ‘There’s a Girl in My Soup’, and others)

10 years ago (6 Nov 2001)
Sabena, the Belgian national airline, went into liquidation

10 years ago (6 Nov 2001)
Michael Bloomberg was elected mayor of New York City

10 years ago (6 Nov 2001)
Death of Anthony Shaffer, British playwright, screenwriter and novelist

10 years ago (10 Nov 2001)
Death of Ken Kesey, American writer, best known for his novel ‘One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest’

10 years ago (12-13 Nov 2001)
Afghan civil war/War on terrorism – the fall of Kabul: Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban fled from the capital Kabul as a coalition of U.S./NATO and Northern Alliance troops entered the city

10 years ago (14 Nov 2001)
Death of Charlotte Coleman, British actress (‘Four Weddings and a Funeral’, ‘Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit’, ‘Worzel Gummidge’, ‘Marmalade Atkins’)

10 years ago (22 Nov 2001)
Death of Mary Kay Ash, American founder of Mary Kay cosmetics

10 years ago (29 Nov 2001)
Death of George Harrison, British rock guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Beatles)

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £49.95 and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ writing ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value more than £157)

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Historic anniversaries in October 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 191 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

200 years ago (22 Oct 1811)
Birth of Franz Liszt, Hungarian piano virtuoso, composer and teacher

200 years ago (27 Oct 1811)
Birth of Isaac Singer, American inventor, developed the first practical domestic sewing machine, founded the Singer Sewing Machine Company

150 years ago (21 Oct 1861)
American Civil War – Battle of Ball’s Bluff, Virginia

150 years ago (24 Oct 1861)
The first transcontinental telegraph system in the USA was completed and the first message sent (this made the Pony Express obsolete)

125 years ago (28 Oct 1886)
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbour was dedicated by U.S. President Grover Cleveland

100 years ago (2 Oct 1911)
Birth of Jack Finney, American science fiction/thriller novelist, short story writer and playwright (‘Invasion of the Body Snatchers’)

100 years ago (3 Oct 1911)
Birth of Sir Michael Hordern, British stage, film and television actor

100 years ago (4 Oct 1911)
The first escalator on the London Underground began operating at Earl’s Court station

100 years ago (10 Oct 1911)
The Wuchang Uprising in China. This republican revolution led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty and the founding of the Republic of China

100 years ago (13 Oct 1911)
Birth of Ashok Kumar, Indian actor, one of the most popular and enduring Bollywood actors

100 years ago (18 Oct 1911)
Death of Alfred Binet, French psychologist who developed the first practical intelligence test

100 years ago (23 Oct 1911)
The first use of an aircraft in war. During the Italo-Turkish war, Italian pilot Carlo Piazza made a reconnaissance flight from Benghazi, Libya to observe Turkish army lines

100 years ago (24 Oct 1911)
American aviation pioneer Orville Wright tested his new glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, and remained in flight for 9 mins 45 seconds – a world record that stood for more than 10 years

100 years ago (26 Oct 1911)
Birth of Mahalia Jackson, ‘Queen of Gospel’, American gospel singer

100 years ago (29 Oct 1911)
Death of Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born American newspaper editor and publisher, posthumously established the prestigious Pulitzer Prizes

80 years ago (18 Oct 1931)
Death of Thomas Edison, American inventor

75 years ago (5 Oct 1936)
The Jarrow March (also known as the Jarrow Crusade) began. 200 men set off from Jarrow in north-east England to Westminster in London to draw attention to the severe unemployment and poverty in their area following the closure of a shipyard. They reached London on 31st October

75 years ago (9 Oct 1936)
The Boulder Dam (now the Hoover Dam) went fully online and began generating electricity

75 years ago (19 Oct 1936)
Death of Lu Xun, Chinese writer, poet and critic, considered the greatest 20th century Chinese writer and the founder of modern Chinese literature

75 years ago (20 Oct 1936)
Death of Anne Sullivan Macy, widely acclaimed American teacher of Helen Keller, who had no sight, hearing or speech

75 years ago (25 Oct 1936)
World War II: Germany and Italy signed a friendship treaty that would later become the Rome-Berlin Axis

75 years ago (31 Oct 1936)
Birth of Michael Landon, American television actor, director and producer (‘Bonanza’, ‘Little House on the Prairie’, ‘Highway to Heaven)

65 years ago (1 Oct 1946)
World War II: International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. 12 Nazi leaders were sentenced to death. 10 of them were hanged on 16th October

65 years ago (13 Oct 1946)
France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic

60 years ago (6 Oct 1951)
Death of W. K. Kellogg, American breakfast cereal manufacturer

60 years ago (15 Oct 1951)
Mexican chemistry student Luis Miramontes synthesised the first oral contraceptive at the Syntex pharmaceutical company, Mexico City

60 years ago (19 Oct 1951)
World War II: U.S. President Harry S. Truman officially terminated the state of war with Germany

50 years ago (1 Oct 1961)
The Federal Republic of Cameroon was founded when the southern part of British Cameroons merged with French Cameroun

50 years ago (6 Oct 1961)
Cold War: U.S. President John F. Kennedy advised Americans to build bomb shelters to protect themselves from nuclear fallout in the event of an attack by the Soviet Union

50 years ago (10 Oct 1961)
The entire population of Tristan da Cunha was evacuated to Britain following a volcanic eruption. (Most of them returned home 2 years later)

50 years ago (11 Oct 1961)
Death of Chico Marx, American comedian, member of the Marx Brothers

50 years ago (16 Oct 1961)
Cork International Airport in Ireland was officially opened

50 years ago (17 Oct 1961)
Algerian War – Paris massacre: French police attacked Algerian protesters who were staging a peaceful demonstration in Paris. (The exact number of Algerians killed is unknown – at least 40, but possibly more than 200)

50 years ago (25 Oct 1961)
The British satirical magazine ‘Private Eye’ was first published

50 years ago (30 Oct 1961)
The Soviet Union exploded the ‘Tsar Bomba’, a 57-megaton hydrogen bomb, in a test at Novaya Zemlya in the Arctic Ocean. It is currently the largest nuclear weapon ever built

50 years ago (31 Oct 1961)
De-Stalinisation: former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s body was removed from Lenin’s mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow and reburied within the Kremlin walls, out of public view

40 years ago (1 Oct 1971)
Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Florida, USA

40 years ago (10 Oct 1971)
London Bridge was officially opened in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, USA. It had been purchased from the UK by Robert P. McCulloch in 1968, then dismantled, shipped to the USA, and rebuilt as a tourist attraction

40 years ago (31 Oct 1971)
An IRA bomb exploded near the top of the Post Office Tower (now the BT Tower) in London, UK, causing extensive damage

30 years ago (3 Oct 1981)
The hunger strike by IRA members at the Maze prison, Northern Ireland, ended after 7 months. 10 prisoners died during the strike

25 years ago (5 Oct 1986)
Death of Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (‘The Maltese Falcon’, ‘Casablanca’, ‘Gunfight at the O.K. Corral’, ‘Rooster Cogburn’ and more)

25 years ago (9 Oct 1986)
Fox Broadcasting Company launched in the USA

25 years ago (19 Oct 1986)
Death of Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (1975-86). (Plane crash)

25 years ago (21 Oct 1986)
American writer Edward Tracy was kidnapped by terrorists in Beirut, Lebanon. (Released August 1991)

25 years ago (27 Oct 1986)
Big Bang Day – the British financial market was deregulated and the London Stock Exchange switched to a computerised trading system

25 years ago (28 Oct 1986)
British serial killer Jeremy Bamber was jailed for life for killing five members of his family

25 years ago (28 Oct 1986 or 1987?)
Death of John Braine, British novelist, best known for his novel ‘Room at the Top’

25 years ago (29 Oct 1986)
The M25 orbital motorway around Greater London, UK was officially opened by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher

20 years ago (27 Oct 1991)
Turkmenistan declared its independence from the Soviet Union

20 years ago (29 Oct 1991)
The American space probe Galileo became the first spacecraft to visit an asteroid (Gaspra)

10 years ago (1 Oct 2001)
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton was suspended from practising law for five years by the Supreme Court. (He resigned from the Supreme Court in November)

10 years ago (7 Oct 2001)
The USA launched its military offensive in Afghanistan following the September 11th terrorist attack

10 years ago (7 Oct 2001)
Death of Herbert Block, ‘Herblock’, American newspaper cartoonist

10 years ago (8 Oct 2001)
The Office of Homeland Security (now the Department of Homeland Security) was established in the USA

10 years ago (9 Oct 2001)
Death of Dagmar, American comic actress, model and TV personality

10 years ago (16 Oct 2001)
NASA’s Galileo spacecraft flew within 112 miles (181 km) of Jupiter’s moon Io, sending back images and data

10 years ago (23 Oct 2001)
The IRA announced that they had begun decommissioning weapons

10 years ago (23 Oct 2001)
Apple Computer released the first iPod digital music player

10 years ago (23 Oct 2001)
Death of Josh Kirby, British artist who painted film posters, and magazine and book covers, particularly science fiction, best remembered for the covers of Terry Pratchett’s ‘Discworld’ novels

10 years ago (25 Oct 2001)
Microsoft launched Windows XP

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £49.95 and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ writing ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value more than £157)

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Forthcoming historic anniversaries: Sept 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 156 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

300 years ago (1 Sep 1711)
Birth of William IV, Prince of Orange

200 years ago (6 Sep 1811)
Birth of James Melville Gilliss, American naval officer and astronomer, founded the U.S. Naval Observatory

150 years ago (6 Sep 1861)
American Civil War: Union forces captured Paducah, Kentucky, gaining strategic control of the mouth of Tennessee River

150 years ago (20 Sep 1861)
Birth of Herbert Putnam, American librarian who developed the Library of Congress into a world-renowned institution

150 years ago (23 Sep 1861)
Birth of Robert Bosch, German engineer and industrialist, founder of the Bosch company, which developed the spark plug and the magneto

150 years ago (30 Sep 1861)
Birth of William Wrigley, Jr., American salesman and industrialist, founder of the Wrigley’s chewing gum company

125 years ago (1 Sep 1886)
The Severn Railway Tunnel between England and Wales opened for goods traffic. (Opened to passengers 1st December)

100 years ago (9 Sep 1911)
Birth of Paul Goodman, American writer, poet, anarchist, intellectual and sociologist

100 years ago (11 Sep 1911)
Middle Tennessee State University was founded in the USA

100 years ago (13 Sep 1911)
Birth of Bill Monroe, American singer, songwriter and mandolin player who developed the bluegrass style of music

100 years ago (16 Sep 1911)
Death of Edward Whymper, British mountaineer and artist, first man to climb the Matterhorn

100 years ago (19 Sep 1911)
Birth of Sir William Golding, British novelist, winner of the 1983 Nobel Prize for Literature, best known for his novel ‘Lord of the Flies’

100 years ago (24 Sep 1911)
Birth of Konstantin Chernenko, Premier of the Soviet Union (1984-85)

100 years ago (29 Sep 1911)
The Italo-Turkish War began. Italy declared war on Turkey over the control of Libya. (Ended October 1912)

90 years ago (8 Sep 1921)
The first Miss America pageant was held in Atlantic City, New Jersey

80 years ago (21 Sep 1931)
Britain abandoned the gold standard

80 years ago (30 Sep 1931)
The Voortrekkers youth movement was founded in South Africa

75 years ago (6 Sep 1936)
British aviation pioneer Beryl Markham became the first person to fly non-stop from Britain to North America, and the first woman to fly solo from east to west across the Atlantic Ocean

75 years ago (7 Sep 1936)
The last surviving thylacine (also known as the Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf) died at Hobart Zoo, Tasmania

75 years ago (7 Sep 1936)
Birth of Buddy Holly, influential American rock and roll singer and songwriter (‘Peggy Sue’, ‘That’ll be the Day’, ‘Oh Boy!’)

75 years ago (14 Sep 1936)
American neurologists Walter Freeman and James Watts performed the first prefrontal lobotomy in the USA

75 years ago (24 Sep 1936)
Birth of Jim Henson, American puppeteer, creator of the Muppets

70 years ago (1 Sep 1941)
World War II: Nazi Germany issued a decree ordering all Jews in Germany and occupied territories to wear a yellow Star of David badge

70 years ago (8 Sep 1941)
World War II: The siege of Leningrad began. (Ended Jan 1944)

70 years ago (11 Sep 1941)
Construction work began on the Pentagon – the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense – in Arlington, Virginia

65 years ago (5 Sep 1946)
Birth of Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born British rock singer and songwriter (Queen)

65 years ago (19 Sep 1946)
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gave a speech at the University of Zurich, Switzerland in which he called for a United States of Europe and the creation of a Council of Europe. (The Council of Europe was founded in May 1949; Churchill became PM again in October 1951)

65 years ago (20 Sep 1946)
The first Cannes Film Festival was held

65 years ago (24 Sep 1946)
Cathay Pacific Airways was founded in Hong Kong

60 years ago (1 Sep 1951)
The ANZUS Pact – a security treaty – was signed by the USA, Australia and New Zealand in San Francisco, California, USA

60 years ago (4 Sep 1951)
The first live coast-to-coast TV broadcast in the USA: U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s opening speech from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco was broadcast to the entire nation.

60 years ago (14 Sep 1951)
Britain’s largest oil refinery was opened at Fawley, Hampshire

60 years ago (23 Sep 1951)
King George VI of the United Kingdom underwent surgery for lung cancer. (He died just over 4 months later)

50 years ago (10 Sep 1961)
Death of Wolfgang Von Trips, German racing driver, killed in the 1961 Italian Grand Prix while leading the driver’s championship

50 years ago (11 Sep 1961)
The World Wildlife Fund was founded in Switzerland

50 years ago (18 Sep 1961)
Death of Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish economist and statesman, Secretary-General of the United Nations. (Plane crash)

50 years ago (21 Sep 1961)
Antonio Abertondo of Argentina became the first person to swim across the English Channel and back again, non-stop, taking just over 43 hours

50 years ago (28 Sep 1961)
The United Arab Republic, a political union of Egypt and Syria, ended when Syria declared itself independent of Egypt following a military coup

40 years ago (1 Sep 1971)
Qatar declared its independence from Britain

40 years ago (8 Sep 1971)
The John F. Kennedy Centre for the Performing Arts was officially opened in Washington, D.C., USA

40 years ago (11 Sep 1971)
Death of Nikita Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet Union (1958-64)

40 years ago (15 Sep 1971)
Greenpeace, the international environmental group, was founded in Vancouver, Canada

30 years ago (21 Sep 1981)
Belize achieved its independence from Britain

30 years ago (27 Sep 1981)
France’s high-speed train, the TGV, began operating between Paris and Lyon. French President François Mitterrand inaugurated the service

25 years ago (7 Sep 1986)
Desmond Tutu became Archbishop of Cape Town; the first black person to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa

20 years ago (6 Sep 1991)
The Soviet Union formally recognised the independence of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia

20 years ago (6 Sep 1991)
The Russian city of Leningrad was renamed Saint Petersburg, restoring its original name

20 years ago (8 Sep 1991)
The Republic of Macedonia declared its independence from Yugoslavia

20 years ago (9 Sep 1991)
Tajikistan declared its independence from the Soviet Union

20 years ago (17 Sep 1991)
Finnish software engineer Linus Torvalds released the first version of the Linux kernel (version 0.01)

20 years ago (19 Sep 1991)
Ötzi the Iceman, a 5,300-year-old mummified body, was discovered by a tourist in the Tirolean Alps on the Italian-Austrian border

20 years ago (23 Sep 1991)
Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union

20 years ago (24 Sep 1991)
Death of Theodor Geisel, ‘Dr. Seuss’, popular American children’s writer, illustrator and film-maker (‘How the Grinch Stole Christmas’, ‘The Cat in the Hat’, ‘Green Eggs and Ham’, and many more)

20 years ago (25 Sep 1991)
Death of Klaus Barbie, ‘the Butcher of Lyon’, Nazi war criminal

10 years ago (2 Sep 2001)
Death of Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon who performed the first human heart transplant

10 years ago (11 Sep 2001)
September 11th terrorist attack on the USA. 2,973 people were killed

10 years ago (11 Sep 2001)
Death of David Angell, American television producer and screenwriter, best known for the sitcoms ‘Cheers’ and ‘Frasier’. (9/11 victim)

10 years ago (18 Sep 2001)
Anthrax attacks began in the USA. Contaminated letters were sent to two U.S. Senators and various news and media organisations in New York and Florida. 5 people died and more than a dozen were infected

10 years ago (19 Sep 2001)
The USA began sending combat troops, aircraft and ships to the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean in response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. (Air strikes in Afghanistan began on 7th – 8th October)

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £49.95 and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ writing ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value more than £157)

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Forthcoming historic anniversaries: August 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 57 anniversaries listed below, but 134 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

750 years ago (15 Aug 1261)
Michael VIII Palaeologus was crowned Byzantine emperor

750 years ago (29 Aug 1261)
Urban IV became Pope

300 years ago (11 Aug 1711)
The first horse race meeting at Ascot took place, initiated by Queen Anne

300 years ago (19 Aug 1711)
Birth of Edward Boscawen, ‘Old Dreadnought’, British admiral and politician

200 years ago (3 Aug 1811)
Birth of Elisha Graves Otis, American inventor of the safety elevator

200 years ago (31 Aug 1811)
Death of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator and explorer

150 years ago (6 Aug 1861)
Britain annexed Lagos, Nigeria, making it a crown colony and halting the slave trade

150 years ago (6 Aug 1861)
Birth of Edith Roosevelt, American First Lady (1901-09), formalised the duties of the First Lady and refurbished the White House

150 years ago (10 Aug 1861)
American Civil War: Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Missouri

150 years ago (11 Aug 1861)
Birth of James Bryan Herrick, American physician and cardiologist who was the first to observe and describe sickle-cell anaemia and to identify coronary thrombosis as a cause of myocardial infarction (heart attack)

150 years ago (22 Aug 1861)
Death of Xianfeng, Emperor of China (1850-61)

100 years ago (6 Aug 1911)
Birth of Lucille Ball, American comedy star and actress (‘I Love Lucy’, ‘The Lucy Show’)

100 years ago (7 Aug 1911)
Birth of Nicholas Ray, American screenwriter and director (‘Rebel Without a Cause’, ‘The True Story of Jesse James’, and more)

100 years ago (10 Aug 1911)
British Members of Parliament voted to receive salaries for the first time

100 years ago (12 Aug 1911)
Birth of Cantinflas, Mexican actor, comedian, clown, acrobat, musician and satirist. Played Passepartout, in ‘Around the World in Eighty Days’

100 years ago (17 Aug 1911)
Birth of Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player, international grandmaster, 3 times world champion

100 years ago (21 Aug 1911)
Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in Paris by an employee. (Recovered in 1913)

100 years ago (29 Aug 1911)
Ishi, the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, was discovered in Oroville, California

90 years ago (25 Aug 1921)
The USA signed a peace treaty with Germany, formally ending the state of war that existed between them during WWI. This was in place of the Treaty of Versailles, which was not ratified by the U.S. Congress

80 years ago (2 Aug 1931)
Nobel Prize-winning German physicist Albert Einstein urged all scientists to refuse to do military work

80 years ago (24 Aug 1931)
British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald resigned following the rejection of emergency cuts in spending during the economic crisis. With the Labour government in deadlock, King George V instructed MacDonald to form a new National Government – a coalition with the Conservatives and Liberals

75 years ago (1 Aug 1936)
The XI Olympic Games opened in Berlin, Germany. It was the last Olympics for 12 years due to World War II

75 years ago (1 Aug 1936)
Birth of Yves Saint-Laurent, Algerian-born French fashion designer

75 years ago (2 Aug 1936)
Death of Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer, engineer and inventor, the first person to fly across the English Channel

75 years ago (14 Aug 1936)
The last public execution in the USA. Rainey Bethea was hanged for rape in Owensboro, Kentucky

75 years ago (15 Aug 1936)
Death of Grazia Deledda, Italian novelist, winner of the 1926 Nobel Prize for Literature

75 years ago (26 Aug 1936)
The Anglo-Egyptian Alliance Treaty was signed in Cairo, Egypt ending Britain’s occupation of Egypt

65 years ago (23 Aug 1946)
Birth of Keith Moon, British rock drummer (The Who)

60 years ago (1 Aug 1951)
Japan Airlines was founded

60 years ago (14 Aug 1951)
Death of William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher and proprietor who built up the largest chain of newspapers in the USA

50 years ago (1 Aug 1961)
Six Flags Over Texas amusement park opened in Arlington, Texas, USA. It was the first park in the Six Flags chain

50 years ago (6 Aug 1961)
Soviet cosmonaut Gherman Titov spent an entire day (over 25 hours) in space, orbiting the Earth 17 times aboard ‘Vostok 2’. He was the first person to make more than a single orbit

50 years ago (13 Aug 1961)
East Germany sealed off the border between East and West Berlin to prevent the exodus of refugees to the West. Initially barbed wire fences were erected; construction of the Berlin Wall began on 15th August

50 years ago (26 Aug 1961)
The Hockey Hall of Fame opened in Toronto, Canada

40 years ago (9 Aug 1971)
Northern Ireland introduced internment – the power to detain suspected terrorists indefinitely without trial

40 years ago (15 Aug 1971)
U.S. President Richard Nixon officially ended the dollar’s link to gold

40 years ago (15 Aug 1971)
Bahrain declared its independence from the UK

30 years ago (1 Aug 1981)
MTV, the music television channel, was launched

30 years ago (5 Aug 1981)
U.S. President Ronald Reagan fired over 11,000 air-traffic controllers who refused to return to work after he had declared their strike illegal

30 years ago (12 Aug 1981)
IBM launched the Personal Computer (PC)

30 years ago (25 Aug 1981)
The U.S. space probe Voyager 2 reached Saturn and sent back images and data from the planet. (It travelled on to Uranus (1986) and Neptune (1989) before leaving the solar system)

30 years ago (30 Aug 1981)
Iranian President Mohammad-Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammad Javad Bahonar were killed, along with three other government officials, when a bomb exploded during a defence council meeting in Tehran

25 years ago (31 Aug 1986)
Death of Henry Moore, British sculptor

20 years ago (6 Aug 1991)
The first ever website (info.cern.ch) went live. The web’s inventor, Tim Berners-Lee, also posted a description of the World Wide Web project on the alt.hypertext newsgroup, and provided a link to download the first web browser, though it could only run on NeXT workstations

20 years ago (8 Aug 1991)
British journalist John McCarthy was released by Islamic Jihad in Lebanon after being held hostage for over 5 years

20 years ago (19 Aug 1991 to 21st)
Attempted coup in the Soviet Union. Hard-line members of the Communist Party tried to seize control from President Mikhail Gorbachev. The coup failed after just 3 days, and eventually led to the collapse of communism and the disintegration of the USSR

20 years ago (20 Aug 1991)
The following former Soviet states declared their independence this month: Estonia (20th), Latvia (21st), Ukraine (24th), Belarus (25th), Moldova (27th), Azerbaijan (30th), Kyrgyzstan (31st), Uzbekistan (31st)

20 years ago (24 Aug 1991)
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

15 years ago (6 Aug 1996)
NASA reported that a meteorite found in Antarctica that was believed to have come from Mars showed possible signs of primitive life, including hydrocarbons, minerals and microfossils consistent with bacterial activity

15 years ago (23 Aug 1996)
Osama bin Laden issued a fatwa entitled ‘A Declaration of War Against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places’. At that time few people knew who he was, so the fatwa received little attention

15 years ago (28 Aug 1996)
Britain’s Prince Charles and Princess Diana were divorced. Princess Diana could no longer be addressed as Her Royal Highness but was to be known as Diana, Princess of Wales

15 years ago (30 Aug 1996)
British boxer Frank Bruno announced his retirement

10 years ago (6 Aug 2001)
U.S. President George W. Bush received a daily briefing warning that Osama bin Laden was determined to strike in the USA. (6 weeks before the September 11th terrorist attack)

10 years ago (6 Aug 2001)
Death of Dorothy Tutin, British stage, television and film actress

10 years ago (16 Aug 2001)
Princess Diana’s former butler Paul Burrell was charged with theft after reportedly stealing 342 items worth £5 million from her estate. (Charges dropped in November 2002 when the Queen came to his defence)

10 years ago (20 Aug 2001)
Death of Sir Fred Hoyle, English mathematician, astronomer and writer

10 years ago (25 Aug 2001)
Death of Aaliyah, American R&B and hip hop singer and actress

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £49.95 and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ writing ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value more than £157)

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Forthcoming anniversaries: July 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 159 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

350 years ago (16 Jul 1661)
The Bank of Stockholm, Sweden began issuing Europe’s first banknotes

250 years ago (4 Jul 1761)
Death of Samuel Richardson, English novelist and printer, inventor of the epistolary novel (one told through letters exchanged between characters)

200 years ago (5 Jul 1811)
Venezuela declared its independence from Spain, beginning the Venezuelan War of Independence. (Independence confirmed June 1821)

200 years ago (13 Jul 1811)
Birth of Sir George Gilbert Scott, prolific British architect

200 years ago (18 Jul 1811)
Birth of William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (‘Vanity Fair’)

150 years ago (20 Jul 1861)
The Confederate States of America held their first Congress session in Richmond, Virginia, having relocated from Montgomery, Alabama

150 years ago (21 Jul 1861)
American Civil War: The First Battle of Bull Run, northern Virginia

100 years ago (5 Jul 1911)
Birth of Georges Pompidou, President of France (1969-74)

100 years ago (7 Jul 1911)
Birth of Gian Carlo Menotti, Pulitzer Prize-winning Italian-American opera composer and librettist

100 years ago (9 Jul 1911)
Birth of Mervyn Peake, British novelist, poet, playwright and illustrator, best known for his ‘Gormenghast’ (Titus Groan) series of novels

100 years ago (14 Jul 1911)
Birth of Terry-Thomas, British comic actor

100 years ago (16 Jul 1911)
Birth of Ginger Rogers, Academy Award-winning American stage and film actress and dancer, best known for her partnership with Fred Astaire in a series of Hollywood musicals

100 years ago (18 Jul 1911)
Birth of Hume Cronyn, Canadian stage and film actor, particularly noted for his acting partnership with his wife, Jessica Tandy

100 years ago (21 Jul 1911)
Birth of Marshall McLuhan, Canadian communications theorist, philosopher and academic who coined the expressions ‘the medium is the message’ and ‘global village’

100 years ago (24 Jul 1911)
American archaeologist Hiram Bingham (re)discovered Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca site in the Peruvian Andes. (Although the site had been visited before, this was the first time it was brought to worldwide attention and studied by scholars)

90 years ago (11 Jul 1921)
The Irish War of Independence ended with a truce

75 years ago (6 Jul 1936)
Birth of Dave Allen, Irish comedian

75 years ago (11 Jul 1936)
The Triborough Bridge (now the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge) in New York City opened to traffic

75 years ago (17 Jul 1936)
The Spanish Civil War began

65 years ago (21 Jul 1946)
Bread and flour rationing began in Britain

60 years ago (4 or 5 Jul 1951)
American engineer William Shockley announced that he had invented the junction transistor. (Patented 25th September 1951)

60 years ago (16 Jul 1951)
J.D. Salinger’s novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ was published

60 years ago (20 Jul 1951)
Death of King Abdullah I of Jordan. (Assassinated)

50 years ago (1 Jul 1961)
Birth of Diana, Princess of Wales

50 years ago (2 Jul 1961)
Death of Ernest Hemingway, Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist and short story writer, winner of the 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature (‘For Whom the Bell Tolls’, ‘A Farewell to Arms’, ‘The Old Man and the Sea’)

50 years ago (17 Jul 1961)
Death of Ty Cobb, American baseball player

50 years ago (23 Jul 1961)
The Sandinista National Liberation Front was founded in Nicaragua

40 years ago (1 Jul 1971)
The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted, lowering the minimum voting age from 21 to 18

40 years ago (3 Jul 1971)
Death of Jim Morrison, American rock singer and songwriter (The Doors)

40 years ago (6 Jul 1971)
Death of Louis Armstrong, (‘Satchmo’), American jazz trumpeter

30 years ago (4 Jul 1981)
Toxteth riots, Liverpool, UK

30 years ago (7 Jul 1981)
The solar-powered plane ‘Solar Challenger’ successfully flew 160 miles (258 km) from Paris, France to Kent, England

30 years ago (17 Jul 1981)
The Humber Bridge in England was officially opened by the Queen

30 years ago (29 Jul 1981)
The Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral, London

25 years ago (3 Jul 1986)
Death of Rudy Vallee, American singer and bandleader

25 years ago (12 Jul 1986)
Orange Parade riots, Portadown, Armagh, Northern Ireland

25 years ago (23 Jul 1986)
Britain’s Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson in Westminster Abbey, London, and they became the Duke and Duchess of York

25 years ago (25 Jul 1986)
Death of Vincente Minnelli, American film director, best known for his musicals

25 years ago (28 Jul 1986)
British estate agent Suzy Lamplugh failed to return from an appointment in London, sparking the biggest missing person investigation since Lord Lucan. She has never been found

20 years ago (1 Jul 1991)
The Warsaw Pact was formally disbanded

20 years ago (1 Jul 1991)
Court TV (now truTV) launched in the USA

20 years ago (1 Jul 1991)
Death of Michael Landon, American television actor, director and producer (‘Bonanza’, ‘Little House on the Prairie’, ‘Highway to Heaven’)

20 years ago (2 Jul 1991)
Death of Lee Remick, American film and television actress

20 years ago (5 Jul 1991)
International regulators shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) due to fraud and money-laundering

20 years ago (9 Jul 1991)
The International Olympic Committee agreed to readmit South Africa following the ending of apartheid.

20 years ago (10 Jul 1991)
Boris Yeltsin was sworn in as the first directly elected President of Russia

20 years ago (22 Jul 1991)
British Prime Minister John Major launched the Citizen’s Charter, which aimed to measure, improve and maintain the standard of public services

20 years ago (22 Jul 1991)
American serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was arrested in Milwaukee, Wisconsin after one of his victims escaped and led police to his apartment

20 years ago (31 Jul 1991)
U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) in Moscow.

15 years ago (1 Jul 1996)
Candidates taking the British driving test also had to pass a written exam for the first time

15 years ago (9 Jul 1996)
Lin Russell and daughters Megan and Josie were savagely attacked with a hammer at their home in Kent, UK. Lin and Megan died; Josie survived but suffered serious head injuries. Michael Stone was later convicted

15 years ago (15 Jul 1996)
MSNBC, the U.S. news channel, was launched

15 years ago (17 Jul 1996)
Death of Chas Chandler, British bass guitarist (The Animals), record producer and manager

15 years ago (19 Jul 1996)
Bosnian Serb President Radovan Karadzic resigned after being indicted for war crimes

15 years ago (23 Jul 1996)
BSE (mad cow disease): British scientists reported that BSE could also be transmitted to sheep according to laboratory tests

15 years ago (27 Jul 1996)
A bomb exploded in Centennial Olympic Park, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, during the Olympic Games. 2 people were killed and over 100 injured

10 years ago (2 Jul 2001)
Barry George was convicted of killing British TV presenter Jill Dando and sentenced to life imprisonment. (Acquitted August 2008)

10 years ago (7 Jul 2001)
Bradford race riots, West Yorkshire, UK. 120 police officers were injured

10 years ago (20 Jul 2001)
The London Stock Exchange went public and began trading its shares on its own exchange

10 years ago (23 Jul 2001)
Death of Eudora Welty, Pulitzer Prize-winning American short story writer and novelist

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £49.95 and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ writing ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value more than £157)

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Forthcoming anniversaries: June 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 166 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

250 years ago (7 Jun 1761)
Birth of John Rennie, Scottish civil engineer, built bridges, canals, docks and harbours throughout Britain

200 years ago (7 Jun 1811)
Birth of James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician, pioneered the use of anaesthetics in Britain

200 years ago (14 Jun 1811)
Birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe, American abolitionist and novelist (‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’)

150 years ago (6 Jun 1861)
Death of Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, 1st Prime Minister of Italy

150 years ago (8 Jun 1861)
American Civil War: Tennessee seceded from the United States

150 years ago (19 Jun 1861)
Birth of Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British field marshal who commanded Britain’s forces in France during WWI

150 years ago (20 Jun 1861)
Birth of Sir Frederick Hopkins, British biochemist, joint winner of the 1929 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering vitamins

150 years ago (22 Jun 1861)
Birth of Maximilian Graf von Spee, German admiral

150 years ago (29 Jun 1861)
Birth of William James Mayo, American surgeon, co-founder of the world famous Mayo Clinic

150 years ago (29 Jun 1861)
Death of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet

100 years ago (10 Jun 1911)
Birth of Sir Terence Rattigan, British dramatist

100 years ago (13 Jun 1911)
Birth of Erwin Müller, German physicist who invented the field emission microscope and the field ion microscope, allowing individual atoms to be seen for the first time

100 years ago (15 Jun 1911)
Birth of W.V. Awdry, British clergyman and children’s writer, creator of ‘Thomas the Tank Engine’

100 years ago (16 Jun 1911)
IBM was incorporated (as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company) – a consolidation of 3 smaller companies

100 years ago (22 Jun 1911)
Coronation of King George V of the United Kingdom

100 years ago (24 Jun 1911)
Birth of Juan Fangio, Argentinian racing driver, 5 times winner of the Formula 1 world championship

100 years ago (26 Jun 1911)
Birth of Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American sportswoman, star of basketball, track and field, and golf

100 years ago (29 Jun 1911)
Birth of Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands

75 years ago (11 Jun 1936)
The International Surrealist Exhibition opened in London

75 years ago (11 Jun 1936)
Death of Robert E. Howard, American author ‘Conan the Barbarian’

75 years ago (14 Jun 1936)
Death of G. K. Chesterton, British writer, poet, journalist and critic

75 years ago (18 Jun 1936 or 14th?)
Death of Maxim Gorky, Russian writer, dramatist and political activist

75 years ago (26 Jun 1936)
The first practical helicopter, the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, made its first successful test flight in Bremen, Germany. (The first successful helicopter flight was made by the Breguet-Dorand ‘Gyroplane’ in France exactly 1 year earlier, on 26th June 1935)

75 years ago (30 Jun 1936)
Margaret Mitchell’s novel ‘Gone with the Wind’ was first published

70 years ago (22 Jun 1941)
World War II: Operation Barbarossa – Germany invaded the Soviet Union

70 years ago (22 Jun 1941)
The Holocaust: Nazi Germany’s Death squads (Einsatzgruppen) began the systematic killing of Jews, initially in the Soviet Union, but later throughout Occupied Europe. (Note: Exact date uncertain, but it immediately followed the German invasion of the Soviet Union)

65 years ago (1 Jun 1946)
Television licences were introduced in Britain

60 years ago (14 Jun 1951)
UNIVAC I, the first commercially produced electronic digital computer, went into service at the U.S. Census Bureau

60 years ago (29 Jun 1951)
Joseph Ratzinger (later Pope Benedict XVI) was ordained as a priest in Germany

50 years ago (6 Jun 1961)
Death of Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist, founder of analytical psychology

50 years ago (16 Jun 1961)
Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West while on tour with the Kirov Ballet in Paris

50 years ago (19 Jun 1961)
Kuwait became independent from the United Kingdom

50 years ago (23 Jun 1961)
The Antarctic Treaty came into effect. It established Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity

50 years ago (30 Jun 1961)
Death of Lee De Forest, American inventor, best known for the Audion vacuum tube or ‘valve’ that amplifies weak electrical signals. This was a key component of TV, radio, telephone, radar and computer systems before the invention of the transistor

40 years ago (29 Jun 1971)
The 3 Soviet cosmonauts on board the Soyuz 11 spacecraft were found to be dead when it landed. The crew capsule had depressurised during the return to earth

30 years ago (5 Jun 1981)
First report of AIDS: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the USA reported that 5 homosexual men in Los Angeles were suffering from a rare form of pneumonia found in patients with weakened immune systems. They were later recognised as the first official AIDS cases

25 years ago (10 Jun 1986)
IRA member Patrick Magee was found guilty of planting the bomb that exploded at the Grand Hotel, Brighton, UK during the 1984 Conservative Party conference, killing 5 people

25 years ago (13 Jun 1986)
Death of Benny Goodman, ‘King of swing’, American jazz clarinet player and bandleader

25 years ago (14 Jun 1986)
Death of Alan Jay Lerner, Academy Award-winning American lyricist who collaborated with the composer Frederick Loewe on hit musicals such as ‘Paint Your Wagon’, ‘My Fair Lady’, ‘Camelot’, and others

25 years ago (14 Jun 1986)
Death of Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine poet and writer

25 years ago (17 Jun 1986)
Death of Kate Smith, ‘first lady of radio’, American singer, best known for the song ‘God Bless America’

25 years ago (22 Jun 1986)
The ‘Hand of God’ goal – Argentine footballer Diego Maradona scored a goal against England using his hand in the quarter-final of the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico City. (The referee mistakenly thought he had used his head, so allowed the goal. England were knocked out of the World Cup and Argentina went on to win it)

25 years ago (24 Jun 1986)
Death of Rex Warner, British novelist, poet, translator and critic

25 years ago (29 Jun 1986)
British entrepreneur Richard Branson broke the record for the fastest crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a powerboat

20 years ago (12 Jun 1991)
Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines erupted, reaching a peak on 15th June. It was one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. 300 people were killed

20 years ago (12 Jun 1991)
Boris Yeltsin became the first directly elected President of Russia. (Inaugurated 10th July)

20 years ago (17 Jun 1991)
Apartheid: South Africa repealed the Population Registration Act (1950), which required that all inhabitants be classified according to their race

20 years ago (25 Jun 1991)
Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia

20 years ago (28 Jun 1991)
Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher announced that she would retire as a Member of Parliament at the next general election (held in April 1992)

15 years ago (15 Jun 1996)
The centre of Manchester, UK was devastated by an IRA bomb. 200 people were injured and the city centre had to be redeveloped because of the immense amount of damage

10 years ago (1 Jun 2001)
Eight members of the Nepalese royal family, including the King and Queen, were massacred by Crown Prince Dipendra, the heir to the throne. He then shot himself and died 3 days later

10 years ago (1 Jun 2001)
Death of Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist, (‘Dennis the Menace’ – the US version not the UK one)

10 years ago (3 Jun 2001)
Death of Anthony Quinn, Academy-Award-winning Mexican-born American actor (‘Zorba the Greek’, ‘Lust for Life’, ‘The Guns of Navarone’, ‘Lawrence of Arabia’)

10 years ago (11 Jun 2001)
Death of Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist, executed for carrying out the Oklahoma City bombing in April 1995 which killed 168 people

10 years ago (21 Jun 2001)
Death of John Lee Hooker, American blues singer and guitarist

10 years ago (21 Jun 2001)
Death of Carroll O’Connor, American actor, best known for playing Archie Bunker in ‘All in the Family’ and ‘Archie Bunker’s Place’

10 years ago (27 Jun 2001)
Death of Jack Lemmon, American actor (‘Some Like it Hot’, ‘The Odd Couple’, ‘Days of Wine and Roses’, and many more)

10 years ago (27 Jun 2001)
Death of Tove Jansson, Finnish artist and writer, best known as the creator of the Moomins

10 years ago (28 Jun 2001)
Death of Joan Sims, British actress, best known for her roles in the ‘Carry On’ comedy films

10 years ago (30 Jun 2001)
Death of Chet Atkins, American country and western guitarist, record producer and executive, credited with creating the ‘Nashville’ sound

——————–

The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

——————–

Limited time  offer

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £39.95 (USA approx $63.39) and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value over £150 / $235)

The cost of lifetime membership will rise to £49.95 from 1st January 2011.

——————–

Visit the ideas4writers website: www.ideas4writers.co.uk
Join our Facebook group
Follow us on Twitter: @ideas4writers
Email us: enquiries@ideas4writers.co.uk

Forthcoming anniversaries: May 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 58 anniversaries listed below, but 172 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

750 years ago (25 May 1261)
Death of Pope Alexander IV

200 years ago (11 May 1811)
Birth of Chang and Eng Bunker, Siamese twins

200 years ago (14 May 1811)
Paraguay declared its independence from Spain

150 years ago (19 May 1861)
Birth of Dame Nellie Melba, popular Australian opera soprano

150 years ago (24 May 1861)
American Civil War: The Confederacy moved its capital from Montgomery, Alabama to Richmond, Virginia

125 years ago (8 May 1886)
Coca-Cola first went on sale, in Atlanta, Georgia, USA

100 years ago (11 May 1911 or 1912)
Birth of Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian, best remembered for his role as Sergeant Bilko in ‘The Phil Silvers Show’

100 years ago (18 May 1911)
Death of Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer and conductor

100 years ago (23 May 1911)
The New York Public Library was officially opened

100 years ago (27 May 1911)
Birth of Hubert H. Humphrey, Vice President of the USA (1965-69)

100 years ago (27 May 1911)
Birth of Vincent Price, American actor, best known for his horror films and distinctive voice

100 years ago (28 May 1911)
Birth of Dame Thora Hird, British actress

100 years ago (29 May 1911)
Death of Sir W. S. Gilbert, British playwright and humorist, best known for his comic operas produced in collaboration with the composer Sir Arthur Sullivan (‘H.M.S. Pinafore’, ‘The Pirates of Penzance’, ‘The Mikado’, and others)

100 years ago (30 May 1911)
The first Indianapolis 500 motor race took place

80 years ago (1 May 1931)
The Empire State Building in New York City, USA was officially opened

75 years ago (2 May 1936)
Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie left the country and went into exile in Djibouti following Ethiopia’s invasion by Italy

75 years ago (14 May 1936)
Birth of Bobby Darin, American big band, rock and roll, and pop singer and songwriter

75 years ago (22 May 1936)
Aer Lingus, Ireland’s national airline, began operating

75 years ago (27 May 1936)
The British ocean liner ‘RMS Queen Mary’ began her maiden voyage

70 years ago (5 May 1941)
Ethiopian liberation day. Emperor Haile Selassie returned from exile

70 years ago (6 May 1941)
Joseph Stalin became Premier of the Soviet Union

70 years ago (10 May 1941)
World War II: The last major attack on London during the Blitz caused heavy damage to many important buildings, including the Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, St James’s Palace and Lambeth Palace, several railway stations and hospitals, the British Museum and the Old Bailey. Over 1,300 people were killed

70 years ago (24 May 1941)
World War II: The British battleship ‘HMS Hood’ was sunk by the German battleship ‘Bismarck’ near Iceland. The British sunk the Bismarck 3 days later

60 years ago (3 May 1951)
The Festival of Britain and the Royal Festival Hall in London opened

60 years ago (25 May 1951)
British spies Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean fled to Moscow, Russia

50 years ago (1 May 1961)
Fidel Castro declared Cuba a socialist state and abolished multi-party elections

50 years ago (1 May 1961)
Betting away from racecourses was legalised in Britain and the first betting shops opened

50 years ago (5 May 1961)
Alan Shepard became the first American to travel into space

50 years ago (13 May 1961)
Death of Gary Cooper, Academy Award-winning American film actor (‘High Noon’, ‘The Virginian’, ‘For Whom the Bell Tolls’ and others)

50 years ago (19 May 1961)
The Soviet space probe Venera 1 (launched February 1961) became the first man-made object to fly by another planet, passing within 100,000 km (62,000 miles) of Venus

50 years ago (25 May 1961)
U.S. President John F. Kennedy gave his famous ‘man on the moon’ speech, in which he urged Congress and America to commit itself, before the end of the decade, to landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth

50 years ago (28 May 1961)
Amnesty International was founded in London

50 years ago (31 May 1961)
South Africa withdrew from the Commonwealth and became an independent republic

40 years ago (1 May 1971)
Amtrak began operating in the USA, providing an intercity passenger train service

40 years ago (19 May 1971)
The USSR launched the Mars 2 space probe. The spacecraft consisted of an orbiter and a lander, and the lander became the first man-made object to land on Mars (though it crashed rather than landed, in November 1971)

40 years ago (19 May 1971)
Death of Ogden Nash, American writer of humorous poetry

40 years ago (27 May 1971)
The Misuse of Drugs Act was introduced in Britain

40 years ago (30 May 1971)
NASA launched the space probe Mariner 9. It became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet (November 1971)

30 years ago (5 May 1981)
Death of Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and politician, died at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland after a 66-day hunger strike

30 years ago (10 May 1981)
François Mitterrand was elected President of France

30 years ago (11 May 1981)
Death of Bob Marley, Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter and musician

30 years ago (13 May 1981)
Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously injured by a Turkish gunman in an assassination attempt in St Peter’s Square, Vatican City, Rome

30 years ago (22 May 1981)
Peter Sutcliffe (the ‘Yorkshire Ripper’) was sentenced to life imprisonment (minimum 30 years)

30 years ago (26 May 1981)
Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his entire cabinet resigned following allegations that many senior politicians were Freemasons

25 years ago (9 May 1986)
Death of Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan/Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer, first (along with Sir Edmund Hillary) to reach the summit of Mount Everest

25 years ago (25 May 1986)
Hands Across America: Approximately 7 million people joined hands to form a line that stretched across America. The event was held to raise money to fight poverty, hunger and homelessness

20 years ago (14 May 1991)
Nelson Mandela’s wife Winnie was sentenced to 6 years in jail for her part in the kidnapping and beating of 4 youths. (Later reduced to a fine)

20 years ago (15 May 1991)
Edith Cresson became first woman Prime Minister of France

20 years ago (18 May 1991)
Helen Sharman became the first British citizen to go into space

20 years ago (21 May 1991)
Death of Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (1984-89). (Assassinated)

20 years ago (24 May 1991)
Operation Solomon: Israel evacuated over 14,000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel to escape the worsening political situation

15 years ago (10 May 1996)
Eight climbers died during a blizzard near the summit of Mount Everest

15 years ago (17 May 1996)
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed Megan’s Law: the public must be notified if dangerous sex offenders are released into their community

15 years ago (30 May 1996)
The Duke and Duchess of York – Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson – were divorced

10 years ago (2 May 2001)
Death of Ted Rogers, British comedian and entertainer, best remembered as host of the television game show ‘3-2-1’

10 years ago (5 May 2001)
Death of Clifton Hillegass, American publisher, best known for Cliffs Notes – a popular series of literary study guides

10 years ago (11 May 2001)
Death of Douglas Adams, British comic writer and dramatist, best known for ‘The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy’

10 years ago (12 May 2001)
Death of Perry Como, American singer and entertainer

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The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

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Limited time  offer

Become a lifetime member of ideas4writers for just £39.95 (USA approx $63.50) and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value over £150 / $235)

The price of lifetime membership will rise to £49.95 from 1st January 2011.

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