This is the final month of our trial of the potential new format for the Date-A-Base list. Please let us know if you prefer this format and whether you’d like to see it adopted in the books as well.
As always, the anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time for research and writing. We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.
The listing below is a small sample of the entries for September from The Date-A-Base Book 2014. There are 266 anniversaries for September in the book, which covers the whole of 2014 from January to December and features more than 2,650 anniversaries in total.
Just one published article will cover the cost of your copy many times over.
1st Sep 1939 (75 anniversary)
Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II.
2nd Sep 1939 (75th anniversary)
The National Service Act was passed, making all British men aged between 18 and 41 liable for military service.
3rd Sep 1939 (75th anniversary)
World War II: Britain, Australia, New Zealand and France declared war on Germany.
4th Sep 1964 (50th anniversary)
The Forth Road Bridge opened in Scotland. It links Edinburgh and Fife across the Firth of Forth. (A second road bridge being constructed alongside it is due for completion in 2016.)
5th Sep 1984 (30th anniversary)
Capital punishment was abolished throughout Australia when Western Australia became the last state to outlaw it.
6th Sep 1989 (25th anniversary)
41,000 Parisians received letters charging them with murder, extortion and prostitution instead of traffic offences (due to a computer error).
7th Sep 1914 (100th anniversary)
Birth of James Van Allen, American scientist who discovered the Van Allen radiation belts surrounding the Earth.
8th Sep 1974 (40th anniversary)
Former U.S. President Richard Nixon was granted a full pardon by his successor, Gerald Ford. (Nixon had resigned in August over the Watergate scandal.)
9th Sep 1954 (60th anniversary)
The ground-breaking ceremony was held for the first full-scale atomic power station in the USA, at Shippingport, Pennsylvania. (It began generating power in Dec 1957 and ceased operations in Oct 1982.)
10th Sep 1939 (75th anniversary)
World War II: the British submarine HMS Oxley was sunk by another British submarine HMS Triton near Norway. The Oxley was out of position and failed to respond to signals, so was assumed to be an enemy vessel. It was the Royal Navy’s first loss of the war.
11th Sep 1989 (25th anniversary)
Hungary opened its border with Austria and lifted East German visa restrictions, allowing thousands of East Germans to flee to the West.
12th – 15th Sep 1939 (200th anniversary)
War of 1812 – the Battle of Baltimore (Maryland); American victory.
(Francis Scott Key watched part of the battle and it inspired him to write his poem The Defence of Fort McHenry, which later became the lyrics to the U.S. national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner).
13th Sep 1989 (25th anniversary)
Customers of Citibank received an extra £2 billion in Britain’s biggest-ever banking computer error. 99.3% of the money was later returned.
14th Sep 1914 (100th anniversary)
Birth of Clayton Moore, American film and television actor. Best known for his lead role in the TV series The Lone Ranger.
15th Sep 1964 (50th anniversary)
The Sun newspaper was first published – it is Britain’s biggest-selling daily newspaper.
16th Sep 1914 (100th anniversary)
Birth of Allen Funt, American radio and television personality, writer, producer and director. Created and hosted the TV show Candid Camera.
17th Sep 1964 (50th anniversary)
The first episode of the TV sitcom Bewitched was broadcast on ABC in the USA.
18th Sep 1964 (50th anniversary)
The first episode of the TV series The Addams Family was broadcast on ABC in the USA.
19th Sep 1934 (80th anniversary)
Birth of Brian Epstein, British rock group manager (The Beatles). (Died 1967.)
20th Sep 1989 (25th anniversary)
F. W. de Klerk became President of South Africa.
21st Sep 1964 (50th anniversary)
Malta gained its independence from the UK.
22nd Sep 1989 (25th anniversary)
IRA bomb attack at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent, UK. 11 people were killed and more than 20 injured.
23rd Sep 1889 (125th anniversary)
Nintendo was founded in Japan. (It originally produced Japanese playing cards, but later became the world’s largest video game company.)
24th Sep 1939 (75th anniversary)
Death of Carl Laemmle, pioneering German-born American film producer who founded Universal Pictures.
25th Sep 1764 (250th anniversary)
Birth of Fletcher Christian, British sailor who led the famous mutiny on the HMS Bounty against Captain William Bligh in 1789.
26th Sep 1914 (100th anniversary)
The Federal Trade Commission was established in the USA.
27th Sep 1954 (60th anniversary)
The first episode of the long-running television series The Tonight Show was broadcast on NBC in the USA. Steve Allen was the first host.
28th Sep 1914 (100th anniversary)
Death of R(ichard) W(arren) Sears, American businessman who (with Alvah C. Roebuck) founded Sears, Roebuck and Company.
29th Sep 1954 (60th anniversary)
CERN (the European Organisation for Nuclear Research) was established in Geneva, Switzerland.
30th Sep 1924 (90th anniversary)
Birth of Truman Capote, American novelist, short story writer and playwright (Breakfast at Tiffany’s, In Cold Blood and others). (Died 1984.)
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