By popular demand, we’re trying out a new format for the Date-A-Base list this month. Let us know if you prefer this format and whether you’d like to see it adopted in the books as well.
We usually list the anniversaries sorted by anniversary, so in July all the 200th anniversaries are listed together, followed by all the 175th anniversaries, then all the 150th, and so on.
But we’ve been asked to consider sorting the anniversaries by date instead, so that all the 1st July anniversaries are listed together, followed by all the 2nd July anniversaries, and so on. With that in mind, this month we’ve compiled the list in date order, with one anniversary for each day of the month.
As always, the anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time for research and writing. We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.
The listing below is a small sample of the entries for July from The Date-A-Base Book 2014. There are more than 219 anniversaries for July in the book, which covers the whole of 2014 from January to December and features more than 2,650 anniversaries in total.
Just one published article will cover the cost of your copy many times over.
The Date-A-Base Book 2015 is coming soon.
We apologise for the delay. Cross-checking is taking far longer than we expected due to the erroneous information given out by supposedly trustworthy websites.
1st July 1934 (80th anniversary)
The Federal Communications Commission took over the role of regulator of broadcasting in the USA from the Federal Radio Commission.
2nd July 1964 (50th anniversary)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 came into effect in the USA. The landmark act outlawed racial and sexual discrimination.
3rd July 1939 (75th anniversary)
The first episode of the radio sitcom Blondie was broadcast in the USA. (It was developed from Chic Young’s comic strip and ran until 1950.)
4th July 1954 (60th anniversary)
All food rationing in Britain ended following the end of WWII. (Food rationing began in Jan 1940. De-rationing began in 1948 but progress was slow. The last items to be de-rationed were meat and bacon.)
5th July 1954 (60th anniversary)
The BBC launched the first daily TV news programme in the UK.
6th July 1964 (50th anniversary)
Nyasaland gained its independence from the UK and changed its name to Malawi.
7th July 1999 (15th anniversary
A jury in Miami, Florida, USA found the tobacco industry liable for making a defective product that causes emphysema, lung cancer and other illnesses. (It later awarded $144.8 billion damages to 500,000 Florida smokers.)
8th July 1839 (175th anniversary)
Birth of John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist; founder of Standard Oil.
9th July 1984 (30th anniversary)
York Minster in England was struck by lightning which set fire to the roof and destroyed the south transept.
10th July 1989 (25th anniversary)
Death of Mel Blanc, American voice actor who supplied voices for over 400 cartoon characters including Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and Porky Pig.
11th July 1914 (100th anniversary)
American baseball legend Babe Ruth played his first Major League Baseball game (Boston Red Sox).
12th July 1994 (20th anniversary)
The ban on German troops fighting outside their own country was lifted, allowing Germany to join UN and NATO peace-keeping missions. The ban had been in place since the end of WWII.
13th July 1954 (60th anniversary)
Death of Frida Kahlo, Mexican artist; best known for her intensely coloured self-portraits.
14th July 1989 (25th anniversary)
The Large Electron Positron Collider (LEP) was inaugurated at CERN in Switzerland. It is 16.8 miles (27 km) in circumference.
15th July 1934 (80th anniversary)
Continental Airlines began operating in the USA. (In Mar 2012 in merged with United Airlines.)
16th to 22nd July 1994 (20th anniversary)
Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 collided with Jupiter.
17th July 1989 (25th anniversary)
The U.S. Air Force’s B-2 Stealth Bomber made its first flight.
18th July 1914 (100th anniversary)
The Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps was established. It was the military aviation service of the U.S. Army until 1918, and became the U.S. Air Force in 1947.
19th July 1814 (200th anniversary)
Birth of Samuel Colt, American inventor and firearms manufacturer who popularised the revolver.
20th July 1944 (70th anniversary)
World War II: the 20th July plot. The German Resistance movement attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler in Berlin and remove the Nazi Party from power in a coup. The attempt failed. The movement’s central figure, Claus von Stauffenberg, and his fellow conspirators were executed the following day. The Gestapo also arrested at least 7,000 members of the resistance movement, of whom 4,980 are known to have been executed. This effectively ended the German Resistance movement.
21st July 1954 (60th anniversary)
The first part of J. R. R. Tolkien’s epic fantasy novel The Lord of the Rings was published. (Part 2: 11th Nov 1954, Part 3: 20th Oct 1955.)
22nd July 1934 (80th anniversary)
Death of John Dillinger, American bank robber, ‘Public Enemy No. 1’, shot and killed outside a Chicago theatre by FBI agents.
23rd July 1764 (250th anniversary)
Death of Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born American religious leader; one of the leaders of the Great Awakening in Colonial America.
24th July 1974 (40th anniversary)
Watergate: the U.S. Supreme Court ordered President Richard Nixon to surrender the White House tape recordings that had been subpoenaed by the House Judiciary Committee in April. Nixon released them on 30th July. (He resigned on 9th Aug, faced with almost certain impeachment.)
25th July 1934 (80th anniversary)
Death of Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria, assassinated by the Nazis.
26th July 1914 (100th anniversary)
Birth of Erskine Hawkins, American jazz/swing trumpeter and bandleader; best known for composing the song Tuxedo Junction.
27th July 1994 (20th anniversary)
Death of Kevin Carter, Pulitzer Prize-winning South African photojournalist; best known for his photo of a starving child watched by a vulture during the 1993 famine in Sudan (suicide).
28th July 1914 (100th anniversary)
World War I began. (Ended 11th Nov 1918.)
29th July 1974 (40th anniversary)
Death of Cass Elliot, ‘Mama Cass’, American singer, best known as a member of The Mamas & the Papas.
30th July 1954 (60th anniversary)
The Television Act was passed in the UK. This led to the establishment of the commercial TV network. The Independent Television Authority (ITA) began operating on 4th Aug. (ITV began broadcasting in the London area on 22nd Sept 1955 and was available in all regions by Sept 1962.)
31st July 1964 (50th anniversary)
The U.S. space probe Ranger 7 sent back the first close-up images of the Moon.
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