50 Historic Anniversaries in April 2013 for you to write about (and make money from)

Here are 50 newsworthy anniversaries in April 2013 for you to write about (and make money from). The anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time for research and writing.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

This list is a small sample of the entries for April in  The Date-A-Base Book 2013There are more than 320 anniversaries for this month in the book.

The Date-A-Base Book 2013 covers the whole of 2013 from January to December, and gives details of more than 4,000 anniversaries.

The 2014 edition will be available at the end of November.

500 years ago (2 Apr 1513)
Spanish explorer Ponce De Leon sighted Florida, and the following day landed there and claimed it for Spain

300 years ago (11 Apr 1713)
The War of the Spanish Succession ended with the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht. Spain ceded Gibraltar and Menorca to Britain, and France ceded parts of Newfoundland to Britain

150 years ago (29 Apr 1863)
Birth of William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher and proprietor who built up the largest chain of newspapers in the USA

125 years ago (17 Apr 1888)
The English Football League was founded at the Royal Hotel, Manchester

100 years ago (9 Apr 1913)
Ebbets Field baseball park opened in New York City, USA. It was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1913 until 1957. (Demolished 1960)

100 years ago (21 Apr 1913)
Birth of Dr Richard Beeching, Chairman of British Railways; axed thousands of miles of British railway lines in the 1960s

100 years ago (21 Apr 1913)
Birth of Norman Parkinson, British portrait and fashion photographer; best known for his work for the magazines ‘Harper’s Bazaar’, ‘The Bystander’ and ‘Vogue’

100 years ago (24 Apr 1913)
The Woolworth Building opened in New York City, USA. It is one of the oldest skyscrapers in the city, and at the time of opening it was the world’s tallest building

80 years ago (4 Apr 1933)
The U.S. Navy airship ‘USS Akron’ crashed into the sea off New Jersey during severe weather, killing 73 people

80 years ago (5 Apr 1933)
The Civilian Conservation Corps was established in the USA as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal programme to relieve rampant unemployment

80 years ago (7 Apr 1933)
Prohibition: the Cullen-Harrison Act came into effect, legalising the sale of beer and wine with up to 3.2% alcohol for the first time since 1920

80 years ago (15 Apr 1933)
Birth of Elizabeth Montgomery, American television actress, best known for playing Samantha in ‘Bewitched’. (Died 1995)

80 years ago (19 Apr 1933)
Birth of Jayne Mansfield, award-winning American stage and film actress; one of Hollywood’s leading blonde bombshells of the 1950s. (Died 1967)

80 years ago (22 Apr 1933)
Death of Sir Henry Royce, British industrialist; co-founder of Rolls-Royce Ltd, manufacturer of luxury cars and aircraft engines

80 years ago (26 Apr 1933)
The Gestapo, Nazi Germany’s official secret police force, was established

75 years ago (6 Apr 1938)
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE – better known by its brand name Teflon) was discovered (accidentally) by American research chemist Dr Roy J. Plunkett at DuPont Laboratories, New Jersey

75 years ago (23 – 24 Apr 1938)
Germans living in the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia demanded complete autonomy from Czechoslovakia. This led to the Munich Agreement in September, when Nazi Germany annexed the Sudetenland

75 years ago (26 Apr 1938)
The Jewish Property Declarations: Jews residing in the German Empire with total assets worth more than 5,000 Reichmarks were ordered to declare them (because the Nazis intended looting them)

70 years ago (19 Apr – 16 May 1943)
The Holocaust: the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Poland – the Jewish resistance’s revolt against Nazi Germany’s efforts to transport those who remained in the ghetto to Treblinka extermination camp

65 years ago (1 Apr 1948)
The Big Bang theory was first proposed in a paper by the Russian-born American theoretical physicist and cosmologist George Gamow and his associates, and published in the magazine ‘Physical Review’

65 years ago (7 Apr 1948)
The World Health Organization (WHO) was founded in Geneva, Switzerland as a specialised agency of the United Nations

60 years ago (3 Apr 1953)
‘TV Guide’ magazine was first published in the USA

60 years ago (11 Apr 1953)
The U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now the Department of Health and Human Services) was established

60 years ago (16 Apr 1953)
Queen Elizabeth II launched the Royal Yacht ‘Britannia’ in Scotland

60 years ago (25 Apr 1953)
The formal announcement of Francis Crick and James D. Watson’s discovery of the double helix structure of DNA was published in the scientific journal ‘Nature’. (They had made the discovery in February.)

50 years ago (6 Apr 1963)
Britain and the USA signed the Polaris Sales Agreement. The USA agreed to supply Britain with Polaris submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and Britain would supply and fit its own warheads. (From 1982 Trident missiles were supplied instead)

40 years ago (1 Apr 1973)
Value Added Tax (VAT) was introduced in the UK at a rate of 10%, as it was required to bring its system of taxation into line with other European countries when it joined the European Economic Community (EEC)

40 years ago (4 Apr 1973)
The World Trade Center in New York City, USA was officially opened

40 years ago (8 Apr 1973)
Death of Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist, co-founder of the Cubism movement; one of the greatest artists of the 20th century

30 years ago (18 Apr 1983)
Disney Channel launched in the USA

30 years ago (21 Apr 1983)
One pound coins went into circulation in England and Wales

30 years ago (22 Apr 1983)
The West German news magazine ‘Der Stern’ reported that it had acquired 60 volumes of Adolf Hitler’s diaries (later proven to be fakes)

30 years ago (30 Apr 1983)
Death of Muddy Waters, American blues guitarist and singer

25 years ago (9 Apr 1988)
Death of Dave Prater, American soul singer (Sam and Dave), best known for the song ‘Soul Man’

25 years ago (12 Apr 1988)
American singer and actor Sonny Bono was elected mayor of Palm Springs, California

25 years ago (14 Apr 1988)
Death of John Stonehouse, British politician and fraudster who famously attempted to fake his own death in 1974

25 years ago (15 Apr 1988)
Death of Kenneth Williams, British actor and comedian, star of numerous radio and TV shows and 26 ‘Carry On’ films

20 years ago (5 Apr 1993)
Britain’s Child Support Agency (CSA) began operating. Its main task was to collect maintenance payments from absent fathers

20 years ago (19 Apr 1993)
The compound of the Branch Davidians religious cult in Waco, Texas was destroyed by fire after federal agents attacked the buildings with armoured vehicles. There were 82 people inside, including 17 children

20 years ago (22 Apr 1993)
The first popular web browser, Mosaic 1.0, was officially released by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)

20 years ago (24 Apr 1993)
Death of Oliver Tambo, South African politician and anti-apartheid activist, president of the African National Congress (ANC) (1967–91); spent over 30 years in exile

20 years ago (27 Apr 1993)
A plane carrying the Zambian national football team crashed off the coast of Gabon. All 25 passengers and 5 crew were killed, including 18 players, the team coach, and support staff. The team had been flying to Senegal to play a World Cup qualifying match

20 years ago (30 Apr 1993)
The world’s number 1 female tennis player, Monica Seles, was stabbed in the back during a match in Hamburg, Germany by an obsessive fan of Steffi Graf

20 years ago (30 Apr 1993)
Virgin Radio (now Absolute Radio) launched in the UK (as Virgin 1215)

10 years ago (2 Apr 2003)
Death of Edwin Starr, American soul singer, known for the song ‘War’

10 years ago (9 Apr 2003)
Iraq War – the fall of Baghdad. U.S. troops took control of Iraq’s capital city. Jubilant Iraqis celebrated the end of Saddam Hussein’s regime by tearing down a statue of him

10 years ago (10 Apr 2003)
Death of Little Eva, American pop singer, best known for the song ‘The Loco-Motion’

10 years ago (14 Apr 2003)
The Human Genome Project was successfully completed. (There are still a few tiny gaps in the DNA sequence that are too costly to fill, or would require the development of new technology, but it is thought that all of the genes have been mapped)

10 years ago (17 Apr 2003)
Death of Dr. Robert Atkins, American physician, cardiologist and nutritionist, best known for the Atkins Diet

10 years ago (28 Apr 2003)
Apple launched the iTunes Music Store (now the iTunes Store)

– – – – – – –

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