50 Historic Anniversaries in December 2012 for you to write about (and make money from)

Here are 50 newsworthy anniversaries in December 2012 for you to write about (and make money from). The anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time for research and writing.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

The list presented below is a small sample of the entries for December in  The Date-A-Base Book 2012. There are more than 180 anniversaries for this month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2012.

The Date-A-Base Book 2013 is also available if you need to work further ahead.

 

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200 years ago (15 Dec 1812)
Birth of Joseph Moses Levy, British newspaper editor and publisher, founder of the ‘Daily Telegraph’

200 years ago (20 Dec 1812?)
Death of Sacagawea, Native American Shoshone guide and translator for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. (Some sources say she died on 9th April 1884)

100 years ago (1 Dec 1912)
Birth of Minoru Yamasaki, American architect who designed the twin towers of the World Trade Centre, New York City (destroyed in the 9/11 terrorist attack in 2001)

100 years ago (4 Dec 1912)
Birth of Pappy Boyington, American fighter pilot, best known for his prominent role in the South Pacific during WWII. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and the Navy Cross

100 years ago (9 Dec 1912)
Birth of Thomas P. (‘Tip’) O’Neill, American politician, Speaker of the U.S House of Representatives (1977-87)

100 years ago (18 Dec 1912)
The discovery of Piltdown Man was announced. Fossilised remains of a previously unknown species of hominid were found in East Sussex, UK, and were thought to prove the missing evolutionary link between apes and humans. (Proved to be a hoax in 1953)

100 years ago (22 Dec 1912)
Birth of Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (1963-69)

90 years ago (6 Dec 1922)
The Irish Free State came into existence

90 years ago (30 Dec 1922)
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (also known as the Soviet Union) was founded

80 years ago (27 Dec 1932)
Radio City Music Hall in New York City, USA opened to the public

75 years ago (4 Dec 1937)
‘The Dandy’ children’s comic was first published in the UK

75 years ago (13 Dec 1937)
Second Sino-Japanese War – Nanjing Massacre, China (also known as the Rape of Nanjing, also spelt Nanking). The Japanese seized the city and killed about 300,000 people over the next 6 weeks. (Exact total unknown)

75 years ago (21 Dec 1937)
Death of Frank B. Kellogg, U.S. Secretary of State (1925-29), winner of the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize for co-authoring the Kellogg-Briand Pact

75 years ago (22 Dec 1937)
The Lincoln Tunnel opened to traffic. It links Manhattan in New York City to Weehawken, New Jersey

75 years ago (28 Dec 1937)
Death of Maurice Ravel, French composer, best known for ‘Boléro’

75 years ago (29 Dec 1937)
The Irish Free State adopted a new constitution and became the independent sovereign state of Ireland. (The UK monarch remained head of state until April 1949 when it became the Republic of Ireland)

70 years ago (1 Dec 1942)
The British Government published the Beveridge Report, which formed the basis of the welfare state

70 years ago (2 Dec 1942)
The first man-made self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction was achieved at the University of Chicago, Illinois, USA by Enrico Fermi and his team

60 years ago (1 Dec 1952)
The first successful gender reassignment operation was announced. American man George Jorgensen, Jr. had hormone-replacement therapy and surgery in Denmark and became Christine Jorgensen

60 years ago (5 Dec 1952)
The Great Smog of London. Dense, cold, smoke-filled fog descended upon London, bringing the city to a standstill for 4 days. Over 4,000 people died

50 years ago (14 Dec 1962)
NASA’s Mariner 2 spacecraft flew within 21,600 miles of Venus and sent back the first close-up images of another planet. (Launched 27th Aug 1962)

50 years ago (15 Dec 1962)
Death of Charles Laughton, British-born American stage and film actor and director (played Captain Bligh in ‘Mutiny on the Bounty’, Quasimodo in ‘The Hunchback of Notre Dame’, and many other notable roles)

50 years ago (17 Dec 1962)
Death of Thomas Mitchell, American actor, playwright and screenwriter, the first person to win an Oscar, an Emmy and a Tony Award

50 years ago (22 Dec 1962 to 5th Mar 1963)
The Big Freeze in Britain – one of the coldest winters on record

50 years ago (23 Dec 1962)
Over 1,100 U.S. military personnel were released by Cuba in exchange for a $53 million ransom paid in food and medical supplies. They had been held by Cuba since the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961

40 years ago (7 Dec 1972)
Apollo 17 was launched – NASA’s last manned mission to the Moon. Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt were the last men to walk on the Moon

40 years ago (21 Dec 1972)
The leaders of East and West Germany signed an agreement establishing basic diplomatic ties between them. (Came into effect June 1973.) This led to both German nations being recognised by the international community

40 years ago (22 Dec 1972)
14 people were found alive in the Andes over 2 months after their plane crashed. The group had survived by eating dead passengers. 2 other survivors had made a 10-day trek in Arctic conditions to find help

40 years ago (26 Dec 1972)
Death of Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States

40 years ago (27 Dec 1972)
Death of Lester B. Pearson, Prime Minister of Canada (1963-68), winner of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to solve the Suez crisis

30 years ago (2 Dec 1982)
American dentist Barney Clark became the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart. He survived for 112 days

30 years ago (2 Dec 1982)
Death of Marty Feldman, award-winning British comedian, comedy writer and actor, notable for his bulging eyes

30 years ago (6 Dec 1982)
An Irish National Liberation Army bomb exploded at a pub/disco in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland that was regularly visited by British Army soldiers. 17 people were killed, including 11 soldiers

30 years ago (7 Dec 1982)
American murderer Charles Brooks, Jr. became the first person in the USA to be executed by lethal injection. (Texas State Penitentiary, Huntsville)

30 years ago (12 Dec 1982)
30,000 women joined hands around the Greenham Common RAF base in Berkshire, UK to protest against the siting of U.S. Cruise missiles there

30 years ago (16 Dec 1982)
Death of Colin Chapman, influential British engineer, car designer and manufacturer, founder of Lotus Cars

30 years ago (20 Dec 1982)
Death of Artur Rubinstein, Polish-born American virtuoso pianist, considered one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century

30 years ago (26 Dec 1982)
‘Time’ magazine’s Man of the Year award was given to a machine: the computer

25 years ago (8 Dec 1987)
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty was signed in Washington, D.C., USA by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev

25 years ago (8 Dec 1987)
Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the First Intifada began – a Palestinian uprising against the Israelis occupying Palestinian territories. (Ended 1993)

25 years ago (8 Dec 1987)
Queen Street Massacre, Melbourne, Australia. Frank Vitkovic shot 8 people dead and injured 5 others at the Australia Post building before diving through an 11th floor window and falling to his death

20 years ago (9 Dec 1992)
British Prime Minister John Major announced the separation of Charles and Diana, the Prince and Princess of Wales

20 years ago (12 Dec 1992)
Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, married Royal Navy commander Timothy Laurence at Crathie Kirk, near Balmoral, Scotland

20 years ago (17 Dec 1992)
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed in San Antonio, Texas by U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas. (Came into effect 1st January 1994)

10 years ago (5 Dec 2002)
Death of U Ne Win, President of Burma (1974-81)

10 years ago (5 Dec 2002)
Death of Roone Arledge, American sports broadcasting pioneer and TV executive, president of ABC News; introduced instant replay, slow-motion replay, freeze-frame, and multiple camera angles

10 years ago (17 Dec 2002)
The civil war in Congo ended as all parties signed a peace agreement and agreed to establish a power-sharing transitional government. (Established July 2003)

10 years ago (22 Dec 2002)
Death of Joe Strummer, British punk/rock singer, guitarist and songwriter (The Clash)

10 years ago (26 Dec 2002)
Death of Armand Zildjian, American businessman and cymbal manufacturer

10 years ago (30 Dec 2002)
Death of Mary Wesley, British novelist, best known for ‘The Camomile Lawn’

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