Forthcoming anniversaries: April 2011

You might like to write about the following historic anniversaries. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

The list presented here is just a fraction of that available in The Date-A-Base Book 2011. For example, there are 60 anniversaries listed below, but 151 anniversaries for the same month in the book, which also covers the whole of 2011. The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.

300 years ago (17 Apr 1711)
Death of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1705-1711)

300 years ago (22 Apr 1711)
Birth of Eleazar Wheelock, American preacher and educator, founder of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire – one of the Ivy League schools

250 years ago (17 Apr 1761)
Death of Thomas Bayes, British clergyman and mathematician, best known for devising Bayes’s Theorem (also known as the law of inverse probability)

150 years ago (8 Apr 1861)
Death of Elisha Graves Otis, American inventor of the safety elevator

150 years ago (11 Apr 1861)
Death of Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet who wrote the lyrics of the Mexican national anthem

150 years ago (12 Apr 1861)
The American Civil War began. Confederate troops fired mortar shells at the Federal garrison at Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The garrison surrendered the following day

100 years ago (3 Apr 1911)
Birth of Stanislawa Walasiewicz (also known as Stella Walsh), Polish-born American athlete. Gender uncertain – she lived and competed as a woman but suffered from a genetic abnormality that gave her sexually ambiguous genitalia. Observers noted that she ran like a man

100 years ago (4 Apr 1911 Or 22nd?)
Birth of Max Dupain, renowned Australian photographer

100 years ago (6 Apr 1911)
Birth of Feodor Lynen, German biochemist, joint winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his research on the metabolism of cholesterol and fatty acids

100 years ago (8 Apr 1911)
Birth of Melvin Calvin, American biochemist, best remembered for discovering the Calvin cycle, winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on photosynthesis

80 years ago (4 Apr 1931)
Death of André Michelin, French industrialist who founded the Michelin tyre company

80 years ago (14 Apr 1931)
The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed. King Alfonso XIII left Spain and went into exile in Rome, Italy

80 years ago (14 Apr 1931)
The first edition of The Highway Code was published in Britain

75 years ago (2 Apr 1936)
Death of Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general, one of the founders of modern French artillery and military aviation, known in France as the ‘Father of the Tank’

75 years ago (3 Apr 1936)
Death of Bruno Hauptmann, German-born American criminal, executed for the kidnap and murder of aviator Charles Lindbergh’s baby son

75 years ago (8 Apr 1936)
Death of Robert Bárány, Austrian otologist (ear doctor), winner of the 1914 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his work on the balancing mechanism of the inner ear

75 years ago (19 Apr 1936)
The Arab Revolt (also known as the Great Uprising) began in Palestine, with a general strike that lasted until October

75 years ago (23 Apr 1936)
Birth of Roy Orbison, American singer, songwriter and musician, known for his powerful ballads, (songs include ‘Oh, Pretty Woman’, ‘Crying’, ‘Only the Lonely’, and many more)

75 years ago (24 Apr 1936)
Birth of Jill Ireland, British film and television actress

75 years ago (28 Apr 1936)
Death of Fu’ad I (also spelled Fuad), King of Egypt

75 years ago (30 Apr 1936)
Death of A. E. Housman, British scholar and poet

60 years ago (16 Apr 1951)
The British submarine ‘HMS Affray’ sank in the English Channel, killing all 75 crew

60 years ago (17 Apr 1951)
The Peak District National Park was established; Britain’s first national park

60 years ago (19 Apr 1951)
The first Miss World beauty contest was held in London

60 years ago (29 Apr 1951)
Death of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born British philosopher, commonly regarded as the greatest philosopher of the 20th century

50 years ago (9 Apr 1961)
Death of King Zog I of Albania

50 years ago (12 Apr 1961)
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit the Earth

50 years ago (17 Apr 1961)
Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuba. Approximately 1,500 Cuban exiles who opposed Fidel Castro’s regime attempted an invasion, financed and directed by the USA. The invasion failed

50 years ago (25 Apr 1961)
American engineer Robert Noyce was awarded a patent for the integrated circuit

50 years ago (27 Apr 1961)
Sierra Leone became an independent state within the Commonwealth

40 years ago (19 Apr 1971)
The USSR launched Salyut 1, the world’s first space station

40 years ago (19 Apr 1971)
National Public Radio (NPR) began broadcasting in the USA

40 years ago (21 Apr 1971)
Death of François Duvalier, (‘Papa Doc’), President of Haiti (1957-71)

30 years ago (11 Apr 1981)
Brixton riot, London. Approximately 5,000 youths rampaged through the streets, attacking police officers, damaging buildings, looting shops and setting cars alight

30 years ago (12 Apr 1981)
NASA launched its first Space Shuttle

30 years ago (27 Apr 1981)
The Xerox 8010 Star was released. It was the first commercial computer system to feature a graphical user interface, windows, icons and a mouse

25 years ago (3 Apr 1986)
Death of Sir Peter Pears, British tenor

25 years ago (7 Apr 1986)
British home computer pioneer Sir Clive Sinclair sold his entire computer product range and the Sinclair brand name to Amstrad

25 years ago (8 Apr 1986)
American actor Clint Eastwood was elected mayor of Carmel, California

25 years ago (14 Apr 1986)
The USA launched major bombing raids on Tripoli and Benghazi in Libya, killing 60 people. (Libya responded by blowing up a Pan Am passenger jet over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988)

25 years ago (14 Apr 1986)
Death of Simone de Beauvoir, French writer, feminist and philosopher

25 years ago (15 Apr 1986)
Death of Jean Genet, French novelist, playwright and political activist

25 years ago (17 Apr 1986)
British television journalist John McCarthy was kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon by the militant group Islamic Jihad. (Released August 1991)

25 years ago (23 Apr 1986)
Death of Harold Arlen, American composer of popular music, especially for Broadway musicals and Hollywood films, notably ‘The Wizard of Oz’

25 years ago (23 Apr 1986)
Death of Jim Laker, English cricketer

25 years ago (23 Apr 1986)
Death of Otto Preminger, Austrian-born American film director and producer

25 years ago (24 Apr 1986)
Death of Wallis Warfield, Duchess of Windsor, American wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor, formerly King Edward VIII

25 years ago (26 Apr 1986)
The world’s worst nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine, Soviet Union

25 years ago (26 Apr 1986)
Death of Broderick Crawford, American actor

20 years ago (9 Apr 1991)
Georgia declared its independence from the Soviet Union

20 years ago (15 Apr 1991)
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development opened in London

20 years ago (26 Apr 1991)
A violent outbreak of tornadoes occurred in central USA. At least 55 tornadoes were recorded in an area spanning Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Texas, Iowa and Missouri. 24 killed and hundreds injured

20 years ago (29 Apr 1991)
Bangladesh was hit by one of the deadliest tropical cyclones ever recorded. 140,000 people were killed and 10 million were left homeless

15 years ago (3 Apr 1996)
The ‘Unabomber’, Ted Kacynski, was arrested in Montana, USA. He had waged a 17-year bombing campaign in the USA, attempting to bring about a revolution against industrialism

10 years ago (1 Apr 2001)
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was arrested in Belgrade for corruption, embezzlement and genocide

10 years ago (7 Apr 2001 NASA)
launched its Mars Odyssey spacecraft to search for evidence of water and volcanic activity on Mars

10 years ago (11 Apr 2001)
Death of Harry Secombe, Welsh comedian, actor, writer, singer and TV presenter, one of the stars of the 1950s radio series ‘The Goon Show’

10 years ago (15 Apr 2001)
Death of Joey Ramone, American punk rock singer (The Ramones)

10 years ago (25 Apr 2001)
Death of Michele Alboreto, Italian racing driver

10 years ago (28 Apr 2001)
American businessman Dennis Tito became the first space tourist, blasting off on a Russian rocket for a 6-day visit to the International Space Station

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The Date-A-Base Book 2011

You’ll find lots more anniversaries in The Date-A-Base Book 2011, which covers the whole of 2011 and lists over 1,900 forthcoming newsworthy and notable anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard list above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of anniversaries that other writers won’t know about, giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2011 is a terrific source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners.
Click here for more details and the complete listing for January 2011

The Date-A-Base Book 2012 is also available and features more than 2,250 newsworthy and notable anniversaries which will occur during 2012.

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Become a member of ideas4writers for just £39.95 (USA approx $63.50) and you’ll get The Date-A-Base Books for 2010, 2011 & 2012 (plus all future editions) as well as The Fastest Way to Write Your BookThe Fastest Way to Get Ideas, our complete 5,000+ ideas collection, unlimited use of our forums and writing engines, and much more (total value over £150 / $235)

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