Forthcoming historic anniversaries, Apr 2010

You may wish to write about the following historical events. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research – just in case! Please let us know of any errors you find.

A greatly expanded list of anniversaries for this month (more than twice as many as listed here) is available in  The Date-A-Base Book 2010, which covers the whole of 2010. More details below.

400 years ago (22 Apr 1610)
Birth of Pope Alexander VIII

300 years ago (26 Apr 1710)
Birth of Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher who espoused common sense

300 years ago (28 Apr 1710)
Death of Thomas Betterton, British actor and writer, the leading English actor of the Restoration period

200 years ago (11 Apr 1810)
Birth of Henry Rawlinson, British soldier, linguist and diplomat who deciphered Mesopotamian cuneiform and greatly expanded knowledge of the ancient Middle East

200 years ago (19 Apr 1810)
Venezuela declared its independence from Spain and ejected its Spanish Colonial leaders from power

150 years ago (3 Apr 1860)
The Pony Express began operating between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California, USA

150 years ago (6 Apr 1860)
Birth of René Lalique, French jeweller and glassmaker

150 years ago (7 Apr 1860)
Birth of W.K. Kellogg, American breakfast cereal manufacturer

100 years ago (19 Apr 1910)
German medical scientist Paul Ehrlich announced the discovery of a cure for syphilis (a drug later called Salvarsan) at the Congress for Internal Medicine, Wiesbaden

100 years ago (21 Apr 1910)
Death of Mark Twain, American writer, humorist and journalist (‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’, ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’)

100 years ago (23 Apr 1910)
Birth of Simone Simon, French film actress

100 years ago (26 Apr 1910)
Death of Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian poet, writer, journalist and theatre director, winner of the 1903 Nobel Prize for Literature, wrote the words of the Norwegian national anthem

90 years ago (23 Apr 1920)
The Turkish Grand National Assembly was established in Ankara, founding modern Turkey and divorcing it from its Ottoman past

80 years ago (21 Apr 1930)
Death of Robert Bridges, British poet laureate (1913–30)

75 years ago (6 Apr 1935)
Death of Edwin Arlington Robinson, Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet

75 years ago (8 Apr 1935)
US Congress approved the Works Progress Administration (WPA) to relieve the economic hardship of the Great Depression

75 years ago (14 Apr 1935)
‘Black Sunday’ – the worst dust storm of the Dust Bowl occurred in Kansas, USA

75 years ago (19 Apr 1935)
Birth of Dudley Moore, British actor, comedian, musician and composer

75 years ago (23 Apr 1935)
A new Polish Constitution (the ‘April Constitution’) was passed

70 years ago (9 Apr 1940)
World War II: Germany invaded Denmark and Norway

70 years ago (20 Apr 1940)
RCA gave the first public demonstration of a scanning electron microscope, in Philadelphia, USA

60 years ago (3 Apr 1950)
Death of Kurt Weill, German-born American composer

60 years ago (8 Apr 1950)
Death of Vaslav Nijinsky, legendary Russian ballet dancer

60 years ago (27 Apr 1950)
Apartheid in South Africa. The Group Areas Act was passed, formally segregating races and barring people from living, operating businesses or owning land outside the areas designated for their race

50 years ago (1 Apr 1960)
The USA launched the world’s first weather satellite, Tiros I

50 years ago (11 Apr 1960)
Death of Sir Archibald McIndoe, pioneering New Zealand-born plastic surgeon who greatly improved the treatment and rehabilitation of badly burned aircrew in World War II

50 years ago (17 Apr 1960)
Death of Eddie Cochran, American rock and roll musician (‘C’mon Everybody’, ‘Summertime Blues’, ‘Three Steps to Heaven’)

50 years ago (21 Apr 1960)
Brasilia became the capital of Brazil, replacing Rio do Janeiro

50 years ago (27 Apr 1960)
French Togoland became independent as the Republic of Togo

40 years ago (1 Apr 1970)
US President Richard Nixon signed the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring health warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on TV and radio from 1st January 1971

40 years ago (10 Apr 1970)
British rock musician Paul McCartney announced that he had left The Beatles and the band would never perform together again

40 years ago (13 Apr 1970)
An oxygen tank exploded onboard Apollo 13 as it neared the Moon, crippling the spacecraft and putting the lives of the crew at risk. The mission was abandoned and the crew returned safely on 17th April

40 years ago (22 Apr 1970)
The first Earth Day was observed

40 years ago (24 Apr 1970)
Gambia became an independent republic within the British Commonwealth

40 years ago (24 Apr 1970)
China launched its first satellite – Dong Fang Hong I (also called China 1)

40 years ago (30 Apr 1970)
Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announced that the USA was sending troops into Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong, sparking widespread protests

30 years ago (7 Apr 1980)
US President Jimmy Carter announced that the USA had severed diplomatic relations with Iran and blocked all US exports to Iran, following the taking of American hostages on 4th November 1979

30 years ago (12 Apr 1980)
Military coup in Liberia – President William R. Tolbert, Jr. was shot dead and the government ousted. Thirteen other senior government officials were publicly executed on 22nd April

30 years ago (15 Apr 1980)
Death of Jean-Paul Sartre, French novelist, playwright and philosopher, awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize for Literature, but he declined it

30 years ago (18 Apr 1980)
Southern Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zimbabwe

30 years ago (24 Apr 1980)
‘Operation Eagle Claw’, a top-secret attempt by the USA to free 52 American hostages in Iran, ended in failure. 8 soldiers were killed. US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who had opposed the mission, resigned on 28th April

30 years ago (26 Apr 1980)
Death of Dame Cicely Courtneidge, British actress and comedienne

30 years ago (29 Apr 1980)
Death of Alfred Hitchcock, British-born American film producer (‘The Thirty-Nine Steps’, ‘Vertigo’, ‘Dial M for Murder’ and many others)

30 years ago (30 Apr 1980)
Queen Juliana of the Netherlands abdicated and was succeeded by her daughter, Beatrix

25 years ago (11 Apr 1985)
Death of Enver Hoxha, Albanian Communist dictator

25 years ago (23 Apr 1985)
The Coca-Cola Company announced that it was changing the secret formula for Coke. Negative public reaction forced it to resume selling the original version in July 1985

20 years ago (11 Apr 1990)
British Customs officers announced that they had seized what they believed to be the barrel of a massive ‘supergun’ on a ship bound for Iraq

20 years ago (19 Apr 1990)
The Nicaraguan civil war ended when the Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas, and the government called a truce

20 years ago (24 Apr 1990)
The Hubble Space Telescope was launched, aboard space shuttle Discovery

15 years ago (19 Apr 1995)
Oklahoma City bombing: a truck bomb exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, USA, killing 168 people and injuring 500.

10 years ago (1 Apr 2000)
A rare Enigma machine, used by the Germans to encrypt messages in WWII, was stolen from Bletchley Park, UK. (Returned October 2000)

10 years ago (5 Apr 2000)
Death of Lee Petty, American NASCAR racing driver

10 years ago (10 Apr 2000)
Death of Peter Jones, British actor, playwright and broadcaster, best known as the narrator and voice of The Book in ‘The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy’, and for his lead role in the TV series ‘The Rag Trade’

10 years ago (15 Apr 2000)
Death of Edward Gorey, American writer, illustrator and designer, noted for his macabre illustrated books

10 years ago (25 Apr 2000)
Death of David Merrick, American theatrical producer

10 years ago (28 Apr 2000)
Death of Penelope Fitzgerald, British novelist and biographer

The Date-A-Base Book 2010For more historic anniversaries see The Date-A-Base Book 2010, which covers the whole of 2010 and contains over 1,600 forthcoming anniversaries – more than twice as many entries per month than our standard lists featured above. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of significant forthcoming anniversaries that other writers just won’t know about – giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2010 is an excellent source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners. Just one article sale will pay for your copy many (many!) times over.

Dave Haslett, www.ideas4writers.co.uk

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s