Forthcoming historic anniversaries, Sept 2009

You may wish to write about the following historical events. Dates are given 6 months in advance to allow you time for research and writing.

We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research – just in case! Please let us know of any errors you find.

A greatly expanded list of anniversaries (over 100 per month) is available in The Date-A-Base Book 2009, which covers the whole year from January to December 2009, and The Date-A-Base Book 2010, which covers the whole of 2010. More details below.

300 years ago (18 Sep 1709)
Birth of Samuel Johnson, English writer, poet, critic and lexicographer

250 years ago (18 Sep 1759)
Seven Years War: the French surrendered Quebec to the British

200 years ago (7 Sep 1809)
Death of Rama I, King of Siam (Thailand), founder of the Chakri dynasty

200 years ago (17 Sep 1809)
The Finnish War ended when Sweden and Russia signed the Treaty of Fredrikshamn, which ceded Finland to Russia

150 years ago (1 Sep 1859)
The first Pullman sleeping cars went into service, in Illinois, USA

150 years ago (15 Sep 1859)
Death of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British civil and mechanical engineer who designed many notable and innovative bridges, railways and ships

150 years ago (16 Sep 1859)
Scottish explorer David Livingstone discovered Lake Nyasa (also spelt Nyassa) (now Lake Malawi) in central Africa

100 years ago (4 Sep 1909)
Death of Clyde Fitch, the first American playwright to publish his plays

100 years ago (4 Sep 1909)
The first Boy Scout rally was held, at Crystal Palace, London

100 years ago (7 Sep 1909)
Frenchman Eugene Lefebvre became the first person to die while piloting an aircraft. He crashed a Wright biplane on a test flight at Juvisy, France

100 years ago (7 Sep 1909)
Birth of Elia Kazan, Turkish-born American director and writer (‘A Streetcar Named Desire’, ‘East of Eden’, ‘Gentleman’s Agreement’, etc)

100 years ago (9 Sep 1909)
Death of E. H. (Edward Henry) Harriman, American railway entrepreneur

100 years ago (14 Sep 1909)
Birth of Peter Scott, British conservationist and artist who founded the World Wildlife Fund (now called the World Wide Fund for Nature)

100 years ago (19 Sep 1909)
Birth of Ferry Porsche, Austrian car designer and entrepreneur, son of Porsche AG founder Ferdinand, co-designed the Volkswagen Beetle and turned Porsche into a renowned manufacturer of prestigious sports cars

100 years ago (25 Sep 1909)
Birth of John V. Dodge, American editor and publishing executive of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, who also helped to develop multi-volume encyclopaedias in French, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish

100 years ago (28 Sep 1909)
Birth of Al Capp, American cartoonist, created the comic strip ‘Li’l Abner’

75 years ago (2 Sep 1934)
Death of Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist and actor, accidentally shot dead by a friend who struck a match against the stock of a pistol

75 years ago (17 Sep 1934)
Birth of Maureen (‘Little Mo’) Connolly, American tennis player, the first woman to win the ‘Grand Slam’

75 years ago (19 Sep 1934)
Birth of Brian Epstein, British manager of ‘The Beatles’ rock group

75 years ago (26 Sep 1934)
The British liner ‘Queen Mary’ was launched at Clydebank, Scotland

70 years ago (1 Sep 1939)
Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II

70 years ago (3 Sep 1939)
Britain, Australia, New Zealand and France declared war on Germany

60 years ago (8 Sep 1949)
Death of Richard Strauss, German composer

60 years ago (30 Sep 1949)
The Berlin Airlift ended, after 14 months and over 270,000 flights

50 years ago (5 Sep 1959)
The UK’s first trunk phone call from a public call-box was made in Bristol

50 years ago (11 Sep 1959)
US Congress introduced food stamps for Americans on low incomes

50 years ago (14 Sep 1959)
Soviet space probe Luna 2 became the first spacecraft to land on the Moon

50 years ago (15 Sep 1959)
Nikita Khrushchev became the first Soviet leader to visit the USA

50 years ago (27 Sep 1959)
A typhoon hit Japan’s main island, Honshu, killing nearly 5,000 people

50 years ago (29 Sep 1959)
Death of Bruce Bairnsfather, British cartoonist, enormously popular with servicemen during WWI. His main character was ‘Old Bill’

40 years ago (2 Sep 1969)
The first automatic teller machine (ATM) in the USA went into service at Chemical Bank, Rockville Centre, New York

40 years ago (2 Sep 1969)
Death of Ho Chi Minh, President of Vietnam

40 years ago (8 Sep 1969)
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi became Head of State in Libya

25 years ago (7 Sep 1984)
Death of Liam O’Flaherty, Irish novelist and short story writer

25 years ago (14 Sep 1984)
South African Prime Minister P.W. Botha became the first State President

25 years ago (18 Sep 1984)
American pilot Joe Kittinger became the first person to make a solo crossing of the Atlantic in a hot-air balloon

25 years ago (25 Sep 1984)
Death of Walter Pidgeon, Canadian-born American film actor

25 years ago (28 Sep 1984)
A high court judge ruled that the miners’ strike in the UK was illegal because a national union ballot had not been held

20 years ago (10 Sep 1989)
Hungary opened its border with Austria and lifted East German visa restrictions, allowing thousands of East Germans to flee to the West

20 years ago (20 Sep 1989)
F.W. de Klerk was inaugurated as President of South Africa

20 years ago (21 Sep 1989)
Hurricane Hugo killed 82 people, made 56,000 homeless, and caused $10 billion damage, in the Caribbean, and North and South Carolina, USA

20 years ago (22 Sep 1989)
11 people were killed and more than 20 injured in an IRA bomb attack at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent, UK

20 years ago (28 Sep 1989)
Death of Ferdinand Marcos, former President of the Philippines

10 years ago (7 Sep 1999)
Germany’s parliament, the Bundestag, held its first session in the restored Reichstag building in Berlin, having moved from Bonn during the summer

10 years ago (21 Sep 1999)
The Chi-Chi earthquake struck central Taiwan, causing 2,400 deaths and £4.5 billion worth of damage. More than 100,000 people were left homeless

10 years ago (21 Sep 1999)
Google officially launched its search engine, removing the ‘beta’ label

10 years ago (22 Sep 1999)
Death of George C. Scott, award-winning American stage and film actor

cover09_3d_120_transFor more historic anniversaries see The Date-A-Base Book 2009, which covers the whole of 2009 and contains over 1,200 forthcoming anniversaries – twice as many entries per month than our standard lists featured above. For example, there are 47 anniversaries listed above for September 2009, but 108 anniversaries for the same month in the Date-A-Base Book 2009. Over the course of the year you’ll get to hear about hundreds of significant forthcoming anniversaries that other writers just won’t know about – giving you a huge advantage!

The Date-A-Base Book 2009 is an excellent source of ideas for all writers, journalists, film-makers, editors, researchers, producers, teachers, students, speakers and event planners. Just one article sale will pay for your copy many (many!) times over.

The Date-A-Base Book 2010And the 2010 edition is now available too. The 2010 edition covers whole of 2010 and is 30% bigger, featuring more than 1,600 anniversaries!

Dave Haslett, www.ideas4writers.co.uk

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