We’re continuing our trial of the new format for the Date-A-Base list again this month. Please let us know if you prefer this format and whether you’d like to see it adopted in the books as well.
As always, the anniversaries are listed 6 months in advance to give you enough time for research and writing. We have painstakingly cross-checked every entry, but you are advised to check all facts again as part of your research. Please let us know of any errors you find.
The listing below is a small sample of the entries for August from The Date-A-Base Book 2014. There are 225 anniversaries for August in the book, which covers the whole of 2014 from January to December and features more than 2,650 anniversaries in total.
Just one published article will cover the cost of your copy many times over.
The Date-A-Base Book 2015 is coming soon.
Once again, we apologise for the delay. Cross-checking is taking far longer than we expected due to the erroneous information given out by supposedly trustworthy websites.
1st Aug 1714 (300th anniversary)
Death of Queen Anne of Great Britain and Ireland, the last Stuart monarch; succeeded by King George I.
2nd Aug 1939 (75th anniversary)
Albert Einstein wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging the creation of an atomic weapons research programme.
3rd Aug 1934 (80th anniversary)
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler became absolute dictator of Germany, combining the roles of Chancellor and President into one: Führer.
4th Aug 1914 (100th anniversary)
World War I: Britain declared war on Germany.
5th Aug 1914 (100th anniversary)
The world’s first electric traffic lights were installed in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. (The world’s first traffic lights were lit by gas and hand-operated by police officers – the first was installed in London in Dec 1868.)
6th Aug 1889 (125th anniversary)
The Savoy Hotel in London opened.
7th Aug 1944 (70th anniversary)
One of the earliest computers, the Harvard Mark I, was dedicated at Harvard University. It was an electro-mechanical computer built by IBM, where it was called the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC).
8th Aug 1974 (40th anniversary)
U.S. President Richard Nixon announced his resignation, effective from 9th Aug. He was facing impeachment over the Watergate scandal. Vice President Gerald Ford was sworn in as President the following day.
9th Aug 1814 (200th anniversary)
The Creek War in the American South ended with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Jackson. 23 million acres of Creek land (half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia) was surrendered to the United States.
10th Aug 1814 (200th anniversary)
Birth of Henri Nestlé, German-born Swiss confectioner and industrialist; founder of Nestlé, the world’s largest food and beverage company.
11th Aug 1934 (80th anniversary)
The first federal prisoners arrived at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay.
12th Aug 1939 (75th anniversary)
The U.S. première of the movie The Wizard of Oz. (USA release: 25th Aug; UK première: 9th Nov.)
13th Aug 1964 (50th anniversary)
The last executions in Britain took place. Two murderers were hanged: Gwynne Evans at Strangeways Prison in Manchester and Peter Allen at Walton Prison in Liverpool.
14th Aug 1984 (30th anniversary)
Death of J. B. Priestley, British novelist and playwright.
15th Aug 1914 (100th anniversary)
The Panama Canal was officially opened.
16th Aug 1954 (60th anniversary)
The first issue of Sports Illustrated magazine was published in the USA.
17th Aug 1989 (25th anniversary)
Electronic tagging of a criminal was used for the first time in Britain.
18th Aug 1964 (50th anniversary)
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) banned South Africa from taking part in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics because of its apartheid policies. (The ban remained in place until 1992.)
19th Aug 14 (2000th anniversary)
Death of Augustus, founder and first Emperor of the Roman Empire.
20th Aug 1989 (25th anniversary)
Marchioness disaster, River Thames, London. A dredger crashed into a pleasure cruiser, killing 51 people.
21st Aug 1939 (75th anniversary)
Civil Defence – a grouping of civilian emergency services – began in Britain to provide a controlled response to German bombing raids.
22nd Aug 1999 (15th anniversary)
British farmer Tony Martin was arrested (and later convicted of murder) after he shot and killed a burglar at his farmhouse in Norfolk.
23rd Aug 1944 (70th anniversary)
Freckleton Air Disaster, Lancashire, England. A U.S. Army Air Force bomber crashed into a village school killing 61 people (38 children).
24th Aug 1949 (65th anniversary)
The North Atlantic Treaty came into effect, establishing NATO.
25th Aug 1939 (75th anniversary)
Britain and Poland signed the Anglo-Polish Agreement of Mutual Assistance (also called the Polish-British Common Defence Pact). Its aim was to prevent Germany from attacking Poland. (Hitler had planned to invade Poland on 26th Aug but postponed it to 1st Sept because of the signing of this pact. The invasion then went ahead, starting WWII.)
26th Aug 1974 (40th anniversary)
Death of Charles Lindbergh, American aviation pioneer.
27th Aug 1984 (30th anniversary)
U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced the Teacher in Space Project. (Over 11,000 teachers applied, and Christa McAuliffe was selected. She died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster on 28th Jan 1986.)
28th Aug 1994 (20th anniversary)
Sunday trading was legalised in England and Wales.
29th Aug 1949 (65th anniversary)
The Soviet Union successfully exploded its first atomic bomb (known as First Lightning or Joe 1) at a remote test site in Kazakhstan.
30th Aug 1939 (75th anniversary)
With WWII imminent, the evacuation of children from British cities began.
31st Aug 1994 (20th anniversary)
The IRA agreed to a complete ceasefire after 25 years.
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